Matthias W Meier

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The extraction of directional motion information from changing retinal images is one of the earliest and most important processing steps in any visual system. In the fly optic lobe, two parallel processing streams have been anatomically described, leading from two first-order interneurons, L1 and L2, via T4 and T5 cells onto large, wide-field(More)
An improved chemiluminescence-based RNA/DNA detection procedure offering a widely applicable alternative to the conventional 32P labeling employed in molecular biology is described. Even highly sensitive applications such as Northern blot analysis of low-copy RNAs are shown to be feasible now without radioactive labeling. Improved quality of nonradioactive(More)
Nanocomposites are the dominating class of nanomaterials to come into consumer contact, and were in general assumed to pose low risk. The first data is now emerging on the exposure from nanocomposites, but little is yet known about their hypothetical nanospecific physiological effects, giving ample room for speculation. For the first time, this(More)
BACKGROUND Detecting the direction of visual motion is an essential task of the early visual system. The Reichardt detector has been proven to be a faithful description of the underlying computation in insects. A series of recent studies addressed the neural implementation of the Reichardt detector in Drosophila revealing the overall layout in parallel ON(More)
Hyperglycemia can cause vascular dysfunctions by multiple factors including hyperosmolarity, oxidant formation, and protein kinase C (PKC) activation. We have characterized the effect of hyperglycemia on p38 mitogen-activated protein (p38) kinase activation, which can be induced by oxidants, hyperosmolarity, and proinflammatory cytokines, leading to(More)
Intended for use in high performance applications where electrical conductivity is required, we developed a CNT-TPU composite. Such a composite can be prepared by melt processing (extrusion) on an industrial scale. Due to the known hazard upon inhalation of CNTs, we assessed three degradation scenarios that may lead to the release of CNTs from the(More)
Vascular complications in diabetes mellitus are known to be associated with the activation of the protein kinase C (PKC) pathway through the de novo synthesis of diacylglycerol (DAG) from glycolytic intermediates. Specific PKC isoforms, mainly the beta- and delta-isoforms, have been shown to be persistently activated in diabetic mellitus. Multiple studies(More)
Estimating motion is a fundamental task for the visual system of sighted animals. In Drosophila, direction-selective T4 and T5 cells respond to moving brightness increments (ON) and decrements (OFF), respectively. Current algorithmic models of the circuit are based on the interaction of two differentially filtered signals. However, electron microscopy(More)
OBJECTIVES The residual aorta's behavior after repair of acute type A dissection is incompletely understood. We analyzed segmental growth rates, distal reoperation, and factors influencing long-term survival. METHODS One hundred seventy-nine consecutive patients (70% male; mean age, 60 years) with acute type A dissection underwent aggressive resection of(More)
Long-acting third-generation dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (CCBs) improve endothelial dysfunction and prevent cardiovascular events in humans, but their cellular and molecular mechanisms of tissue protection are not elucidated in detail. We assessed organ (renal) protection by the highly lipophilic CCB lercanidipine in a double-transgenic rat(More)