Matthias W. Hentze

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RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) determine RNA fate from synthesis to decay. Employing two complementary protocols for covalent UV crosslinking of RBPs to RNA, we describe a systematic, unbiased, and comprehensive approach, termed "interactome capture," to define the mRNA interactome of proliferating human HeLa cells. We identify 860 proteins that qualify as(More)
Iron absorption by the duodenal mucosa is initiated by uptake of ferrous Fe(II) iron across the brush border membrane and culminates in transfer of the metal across the basolateral membrane to the portal vein circulation by an unknown mechanism. We describe here the isolation and characterization of a novel cDNA (Ireg1) encoding a duodenal protein that is(More)
Disruptions in iron homeostasis from both iron deficiency and overload account for some of the most common human diseases. Iron metabolism is balanced by two regulatory systems, one that functions systemically and relies on the hormone hepcidin and the iron exporter ferroportin, and another that predominantly controls cellular iron metabolism through(More)
Iron is ubiquitous in the environment and in biology. The study of iron biology focuses on physiology and homeostasis-understanding how cells and organisms regulate their iron content, how diverse tissues orchestrate iron allocation, and how dysregulated iron homeostasis leads to common hematological, metabolic, and neurodegenerative diseases. This has(More)
As an essential nutrient and a potential toxin, iron poses an exquisite regulatory problem in biology and medicine. At the cellular level, the basic molecular framework for the regulation of iron uptake, storage, and utilization has been defined. Two cytoplasmic RNA-binding proteins, iron-regulatory protein-1 (IRP-1) and IRP-2, respond to changes in(More)
Nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) eliminates mRNAs containing premature termination codons and thus helps limit the synthesis of abnormal proteins. New results uncover a broader role of NMD as a pathway that also affects the expression of wild-type genes and alternative-splice products. Because the mechanisms by which NMD operates have received much attention,(More)
Eukaryotic mRNAs containing premature termination codons (PTCs) are degraded by a process known as nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). NMD has been suggested to require the recognition of PTC by an mRNA surveillance complex containing UPF1/SMG-2. In multicellular organisms, UPF1/SMG-2 is a phosphoprotein, and its phosphorylation contributes to NMD. Here we(More)
the disposal of nonfunctional by-products of normal The robustness of biological systems depends on the RNA processing. function of proofreading mechanisms against operating NMD—An Enigma in RNA Metabolism errors. Studies in yeast and of human genetic disorders NMD has captured much attention as one of the most have lead the way to a conserved surveillance(More)
Divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) mediates apical iron uptake into duodenal enterocytes and also transfers iron from the endosome into the cytosol after cellular uptake via the transferrin receptor. Hence, mutations in DMT1 cause systemic iron deficiency and anemia. DMT1 mRNA levels are increased in the duodenum of iron-deficient animals. This regulation(More)
Messenger RNAs (mRNAs) bearing premature translation termination codons (PTCs) are degraded by nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). For mammalian NMD, current models propose a linear pathway that involves the splicing-dependent deposition of exon-junction complexes (EJCs) and the sequential action of the NMD factors UPF3, UPF2, and UPF1. We show here that(More)