Matthias T. Dittmar

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Complete envelope genes were amplified from autopsy brain tissue of five individuals who had died of AIDS and had neurological complications. Lymph node samples were included for two of the patients. Nineteen different envelope clones from the five patients had distinct V1V2 sequences. Thirteen of the envelopes were functional and conferred fusigenicity and(More)
We have studied infectivity and neutralization of X4, R5, and R5X4 tropic HIV-1 mutants, which are lacking N-linked glycosylation sites for glycans g13, g14, g15, and g17 in the V3 loop region of gp120. X4-tropic NL4-3 mutants lacking combinations of g14/15 or g15/17 showed markedly higher infectivity in CXCR4-specific infection. The role of g15 in(More)
We describe mutants of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) strain NL4-3, which are lacking the thirteenth, fifteenth, or seventeenth sites for N-linked glycosylation (g13, g15, g17) of the envelope protein gp120. All three sites are located within the hypervariable V3 loop region of gp120. Those mutants lacking carbohydrates g15 or combinations of(More)
The characterization of restrictions to lentivirus replication in cells identifies critical steps in the viral life cycle and potential therapeutic targets. We previously reported that a human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) isolate was restricted to infection in some human cells, which led us to identify a step in the life cycle of HIV-2 detected(More)
Like human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), HIV-2 requires a coreceptor in addition to CD4 for entry into cells. HIV and SIV coreceptor molecules belong to a family of seven-transmembrane-domain G-protein-coupled receptors. Here we show that primary HIV-2 isolates can use a broad range of coreceptor molecules,(More)
A panel of primary syncytium-inducing (SI) human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates that infected several CD4+ T-cell lines, including MT-2 and C8166, were tested for infection of blood-derived macrophages. Infectivity titers for C8166 cells and macrophages demonstrated that primary SI strains infected macrophages much more efficiently than T-cell(More)
The introduction of a label which can be detected in living cells opens new possibilities for the direct analysis of dynamic processes in virus replication, such as the transport and assembly of structural proteins. Our aim was to generate a tool for the analysis of the trafficking of the main structural protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1(More)
Upon cellular entry retroviruses must avoid innate restriction factors produced by the host cell. For human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) human restriction factors, APOBEC3 (apolipoprotein-B-mRNA-editing-enzyme), p21 and tetherin are well characterised. To identify intrinsic resistance factors to HIV-1 replication we screened 19,121 human genes and(More)
We have characterized envelope protein pseudotyped HIV-2 particles derived from two HIV-2 isolates termed prCBL23 and CBL23 in order to define the role of the envelope protein for the Lv2-mediated restriction to infection. Previously, it has been described that the primary isolate prCBL23 is restricted to infection of several human cell types, whereas the T(More)