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The pathway for oxygen, the control of oxygen transport and the role of haemoglobin expression for the physiological adaptation to different oxygen and temperature conditions were studied in the ecological model organism Daphnia magna. Ventilation of the inner walls of the carapace as the main gas exchange area as well as of the embryos in the brood pouch(More)
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a family of multifunctional serine/threonine phosphatases consisting of a catalytic C, a structural A, and a regulatory B subunit. The substrate and therefore the functional specificity of PP2A are determined by the assembly of the enzyme complex with the appropriate regulatory B subunit families, namely B55, B56, PR72, or(More)
Dephosphorylation of important myocardial proteins is regulated by protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), representing a heterotrimer that is comprised of catalytic, scaffolding, and regulatory (B) subunits. There is a multitude of B subunit family members directing the PP2A holoenzyme to different myocellular compartments. To gain a better understanding of how(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is commonly associated with alterations in transcription factors because of altered expression or gene mutations. These changes might induce leukemia-specific patterns of histone modifications. We used chromatin-immunoprecipitation on microarray to analyze histone 3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) patterns in primary AML (n =(More)
The cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) belongs to the CREB/cAMP response element binding modulator/activating transcription factor 1 family of cAMP-dependent transcription factors mediating a regulation of gene transcription in response to cAMP. Chronic stimulation of β-adrenergic receptors and the cAMP-dependent signal transduction pathway by(More)
The cAMP response element modulator (CREM)alpha is a widely expressed transcriptional repressor that is important for the termination of the T cell immune response and contributes to the abnormal T cell function in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. We present evidence that APCs of Crem(-/-) mice express increased amounts of the costimulatory(More)
Chronic β-adrenergic stimulation is regarded as a pivotal step in the progression of heart failure which is associated with a high risk for arrhythmia. The cAMP-dependent transcription factors cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) and cAMP-responsive element modulator (CREM) mediate transcriptional regulation in response to β-adrenergic stimulation(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic stimulation of the beta(1)-adrenoceptor (beta(1)AR) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of heart failure; however, underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The regulation by transcription factors cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) and cyclic AMP response element modulator (CREM) represents a fundamental mechanism of(More)
The transcription factors cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) and cAMP-responsive element modulator (CREM) regulate gene transcription in response to elevated cAMP levels. The Crem isoform inducible cAMP early repressor (Icer) is transcribed by the internal promoter P2 as a critical regulator of multiple cellular processes. Here, we describe a(More)
The planktonic filter feeder Daphnia magna depends on a steady oxygen supply by convection. In the ventral carapace chamber, this convection is established by the feeding current which is generated by the movement of the thoracic limbs. The present study revealed that this movement can cause an additional flow of medium which passes through the brood(More)