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Many techniques in computer vision, machine learning, and statistics rely on the fact that a signal of interest admits a sparse representation over some dictionary. Dictionaries are either available analytically, or can be learned from a suitable training set. While analytic dictionaries permit to capture the global structure of a signal and allow a fast… (More)

Many modern tools in machine learning and signal processing, such as sparse dictionary learning, principal component analysis, non-negative matrix factorization, K-means clustering, and so on, rely on the factorization of a matrix obtained by concatenating high-dimensional vectors from a training collection. While the idealized task would be to optimize the… (More)

The ability of having a sparse representation for a certain class of signals has many applications in data analysis, image processing, and other research fields. Among sparse representations, the cosparse analysis model has recently gained increasing interest. Many signals exhibit a multidimensional structure, e.g. images or three-dimensional MRI scans.… (More)

In the synthesis model signals are represented as a sparse combinations of atoms from a dictionary. Dictionary learning describes the acquisition process of the underlying dictionary for a given set of training samples. While ideally this would be achieved by optimizing the expectation of the factors over the underlying distribution of the training data, in… (More)

In the co-sparse analysis model a set of filters is applied to a signal out of the signal class of interest yielding sparse filter responses. As such, it may serve as a prior in inverse problems, or for structural analysis of signals that are known to belong to the signal class. The more the model is adapted to the class, the more reliable it is for these… (More)

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