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A new family of generalized Stirling and Bell numbers is introduced by considering powers (V U) n of the noncommuting variables U, V satisfying U V = V U + hV s. The case s = 0 (and h = 1) corresponds to the conventional Stirling numbers of second kind and Bell numbers. For these generalized Stirling numbers, the recursion relation is given and explicit… (More)
The generalized Stirling numbers S s;h (n, k) introduced recently by the authors are shown to be a special case of the three parameter family of generalized Stirling numbers S(n, k; α, β, r) considered by Hsu and Shiue. From this relation, several properties of S s;h (n, k) and the associated Bell numbers B s;h (n) and Bell polynomials B s;h|n (x) are… (More)
It is shown how some of the recent results of de Souza et al.  can be generalized to describe Hamiltonians whose eigenvalues are given as k-generalized Fibonacci numbers. Here k is an arbitrary integer and the cases considered by de Souza et al. corespond to k = 2.
Recently the vertex Padmakar–Ivan (PI v) index of a graph G was introduced as the sum over all edges e = uv of G of the number of vertices which are not equidistant to the vertices u and v. In this paper the vertex PI index and Szeged index of bridge graphs are determined. Using these formulas, the vertex PI indices and Szeged indices of several graphs are… (More)
The Padmakar-Ivan (PI) index of a graph G is the sum over all edges uv of G of the number of edges which are not equidistant from the vertices u and v. In this paper, we compute the PI index of bridge and chain graphs. Using these formulas, the PI indices of several graphs are computed.
A generalized bc-system associated to a Hermitian vector bundle over a Riemann surface is introduced in close analogy to the usual rank one case. Some of the geometric analogies to the well-known case are studied. In particular, if there are no zero-modes, the \nonabelian" theta divisor appears. In the general case where zero-modes exist, it seems to be… (More)
In this article combinatorial aspects of normal ordering annihilation and creation operators of a multi-mode boson system are discussed. The modes are assumed to be coupled since otherwise the problem of normal ordering is reduced to the corresponding problem of the single-mode case. To describe the normal ordering in the multi-mode case for each mode a… (More)
The generalized Stirling numbers introduced recently [11, 12] are considered in detail for the particular case s = 2 corresponding to the meromorphic Weyl algebra. A combinatorial interpretation in terms of perfect matchings is given for these meromorphic Stirling numbers and the connection to Bessel functions is discussed. Furthermore, two related… (More)
In this Letter we define generalizations of boson normal ordering. These are based on the number of contractions whose vertices are next to each other in the linear representation of the boson operator function. Our main motivation is to shed further light onto the combinatorics arising from algebraic and Fock space properties of boson operators.
It is shown that the determinants of the correlation functions of the generalized bc-system introduced recently are given as pullbacks of the non-abelian theta divisor. The usual bc-system appearing in bosonic string theory 1;2 is very well understood 1?4 and has also been considered in a rigorous algebro-geometric way by Raina 5;6. Assuming some natural… (More)