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The maturation of the eukaryotic 20 S proteasome complex occurs via 13 S and 16 S precursor complexes in a multistep assembly pathway. These precursor complexes contain alpha-subunits as well as unprocessed beta-subunit proproteins. We have purified and characterized the different proteasome assembly intermediates and analysed their ability to support(More)
INTRODUCTION Infection of the spinal column is rare, and often recognized and treated too late. Spondylodiscitis is osteomyelitis of the spine and can cause severe symptoms. Hospital mortality is in the region of 2% to 17%. METHODS Selective literature review and results of the authors' own research. RESULTS The incidence of pyogenic spondylodiscitis is(More)
Home Plate is a layered plateau in Gusev crater on Mars. It is composed of clastic rocks of moderately altered alkali basalt composition, enriched in some highly volatile elements. A coarsegrained lower unit lies under a finer-grained upper unit. Textural observations indicate that the lower strata were emplaced in an explosive event, and geochemical(More)
Protein substrates of the proteasome must apparently be unfolded and translocated through a narrow channel to gain access to the proteolytic active sites of the enzyme. Protein folding in vivo is mediated by molecular chaperones. Here, to test for chaperone activity of the proteasome, we assay the reactivation of denatured citrate synthase. Both human and(More)
Receptors coupled to heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) activate phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2)-hydrolyzing phospholipase C (PLC) enzymes by activated alpha of free beta gamma subunits of the relevant G proteins. To study whether low molecular weight G proteins of the Rho family are involved in receptor(More)
BACKGROUND The bcl-2 oncoprotein confers a survival advantage to cells by inhibiting programmed cell death (PCD) or apoptosis. Overexpression of bcl-2 probably plays a role in colorectal carcinogenesis. The aims of our study were to determine bcl-2 expression and PCD index in colorectal adenomas and carcinomas in correlation with p53 expression, Ki-67(More)
The stratum griseum superficiale (SGS) of the superior colliculus contains a high concentration of the recently described GABA(C) receptor. In a previous study, it was postulated that activation of these receptors on inhibitory interneurons functions to disinhibit projection cells that relay visual information to the thalamus and brainstem. To test this(More)
Maturation of eukaryotic 20S proteasomes involves the processing of beta-subunits by limited proteolysis. To study the processing mechanism we analysed different point mutations of the beta-subunit LMP2 in transfected human T2 cells. Here we show that the presence of the intact Gly-1Thr1 consensus motif and Lys33 are essential for correct processing.(More)
At birth, the newborn mammal undergoes a transition from a sterile uterine environment with a constant nutrient supply, to a microbe-rich environment with intermittent oral intake of complex milk nutrients via the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). These functional challenges partly explain the relatively high morbidity and mortality of neonates. Preterm birth(More)
The aim of this exploratory study was to identify the volume intranasal segments as they relate to parameters of olfactory function. Fifty healthy male volunteers (age range 22-59 years, mean age 28.5 years) were included. Olfactory function was measured by lateralized phenyl ethyl alcohol odor thresholds and odor discrimination, and by bilateral odor(More)