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We have sequenced and annotated the genome of fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe), which contains the smallest number of protein-coding genes yet recorded for a eukaryote: 4,824. The centromeres are between 35 and 110 kilobases (kb) and contain related repeats including a highly conserved 1.8-kb element. Regions upstream of genes are longer than in(More)
The higher plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) is an important model for identifying plant genes and determining their function. To assist biological investigations and to define chromosome structure, a coordinated effort to sequence the Arabidopsis genome was initiated in late 1996. Here we report one of the first milestones of this project, the(More)
Several organisms have retained methyltransferase 2 (Dnmt2) as their only candidate DNA methyltransferase gene. However, information about Dnmt2-dependent methylation patterns has been limited to a few isolated loci and the results have been discussed controversially. In addition, recent studies have shown that Dnmt2 functions as a tRNA methyltransferase,(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana is an important model system for plant biologists. In 1996 an international collaboration (the Arabidopsis Genome Initiative) was formed to sequence the whole genome of Arabidopsis and in 1999 the sequence of the first two chromosomes was reported. The sequence of the last three chromosomes and an analysis of the whole genome are(More)
PURPOSE Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) can be imaged with scintigraphy using radiolabelled somatostatin analogues. The aim of our study was to compare the value of (68)Ga-DOTATOC PET and (111)In-DTPAOC SPECT (Octreoscan) in the detection of NET manifestations. METHODS Twenty-seven NET patients were prospectively examined. (68)Ga-DOTATOC PET and(More)
BACKGROUND Wilson's disease is a rare inborn disease related to copper storage, leading to liver cirrhosis and neuropsychological deterioration. Clinical data on larger cohorts are limited owing to low disease frequency. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of 163 patients with Wilson's disease, examined at the University of(More)
Dnmt2 proteins are the most conserved members of the DNA methyltransferase enzyme family, but their substrate specificity and biological functions have been a subject of controversy. We show here that, in addition to tRNA(Asp-GTC), tRNA(Val-AAC) and tRNA(Gly-GCC) are also methylated by Dnmt2. Drosophila Dnmt2 mutants showed reduced viability under stress(More)
Phosphorylation of endothelial myosin light chains (MLC) is a key mechanism in control of endothelial contractile machinery. Extracellular ATP influences endothelial MLC phosphorylation by either activation of Ca(2+)-dependent MLC kinase or Ca(2+)-independent MLC phosphatase. Here, the role of the MEK/MAPK pathway in this signaling was investigated in(More)
The transcription factor Nrf2 is a key regulator of the cellular stress response, and pharmacological Nrf2 activation is a promising strategy for skin protection and cancer prevention. We show here that prolonged Nrf2 activation in keratinocytes causes sebaceous gland enlargement and seborrhea in mice due to upregulation of the growth factor epigen, which(More)
OBJECTIVE We have recently shown that spontaneous Ca2+ oscillations elicit irreversible hypercontracture of cardiomyocytes during reoxygenation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether influx of exterior Ca2+ through the reverse mode of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCE) contributes to the development of these oscillations and, therefore, to(More)