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The binding of purified fibrinogen receptor alpha IIb beta 3, vitronectin receptor alpha V beta 3, and fibronectin receptor alpha 5 beta 1 to their corresponding ligands in solid-phase binding assays was used to examine the inhibitory activity of various linear and cyclic penta- and hexapeptides of different conformation containing RGD or RAD sequences.(More)
Fibrillin-1 is a major constituent of tissue microfibrils that occur in most connective tissues, either in close association with or independent of elastin. To test possible cell-adhesive functions of this protein, we used recombinant human fibrillin-1 polypeptides produced in a mammalian expression system in cell attachment and solid-phase integrin binding(More)
The mouse cell line GD25, which lacks expression of the beta 1 family of integrin heterodimers due to disruption of the beta 1 integrin subunit gene, was used for expression of full-length cDNA coding for splice variant A of the mouse beta 1 integrin subunit. In a stably transformed clone (GD25-beta 1A), the expressed protein was found to form functional(More)
A gene trap-type targeting vector was designed to inactivate the beta 1 integrin gene in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Using this vector more than 50% of the ES cell clones acquired a disruption in the beta 1 integrin gene and a single clone was mutated in both alleles. The homozygous mutant did not produce beta 1 integrin mRNA or protein, while alpha 3, alpha(More)
Integrins alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 2 beta 1 when purified by collagen affinity chromatography, showed distinct binding to mouse tumor laminin-1, which has the chain composition alpha 1 beta 1 gamma 1. The binding was, however, about 10-fold lower than to collagen IV. Only little (alpha 1 beta 1) or no binding (alpha 2 beta 1) was observed to two different(More)
Pepsin-solubilized collagen VI in triple-helical and heat-denatured, unfolded form was shown to promote Mg(2+)- and Mn(2+)-dependent attachment and spreading of various cell lines. On the triple-helical substrate no inhibition of cell adhesion was observed with several synthetic RGD peptides except in the case of A375 melanoma cells. In contrast, adhesion(More)
The inhibitory capacities of six different disintegrins and one related neurotoxin analogue for the binding of RGD-dependent integrins to either fibrinogen, vitronectin or fibronectin were compared in solid phase assays. Echistatin and flavoridin were the most active inhibitors for alpha V beta 3 and alpha 5 beta 1 integrins and moderately exceeded the(More)
Four well differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines from German patients have been established from primary tumors (St 23132, St 3051) and lymph node metastases (St 2474, St 2957). The tumor cells were isolated by enzymatic or mechanical treatment. All four lines grew as solid tumors in nude mice and formed colonies in soft agar. The doubling time of(More)
For a comparative study of the humoral immunity of patients with gastric signet-ring cell carcinoma, lymphocytes from spleen and lymph nodes were fused with the heteromyeloma SPM4-0. Immunoglobulin-producing clones were primarily tested in binding assays on autologous and allogeneic tumor cells and tissues. One of the resulting human monoclonal antibodies,(More)