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The responsiveness of trigeminal brain stem neurons to selective local mechanical and chemical stimulation of the cranial dura mater was examined in a preparation in the rat. The dura mater encephali was exposed and its surface stimulated with electrical pulses through bipolar electrodes. Extracellular recordings were made from neurons in the subnucleus(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of galanin on group III and IV afferent nerve fibres (n = 53) innervating normal and acutely inflamed knee joints in rats. They responded to local mechanical stimulation, movements of the joint and i.a. injections of KCl close to the joint. Single i.a. bolus injections of galanin (0.1 mM, 0.2 mL) caused(More)
Nociceptin is known to act peripherally in the rat knee joint to modulate articular mechanosensitivity and it has been postulated that neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptors may be involved in this process. To test this hypothesis, single unit extracellular recordings were made from knee joint primary afferents in response to normal and extreme rotation of the joint.(More)
In recent years the rat knee joint has become an important model for the study of nociception of deep tissues. In contrast to the cortical processing of superficial pain, the knowledge about the processing of deep pain evoked by noxious stimuli in tissues such as tendons, bone, and joint is sparse. To obtain a basis for further functional studies, the(More)
The peripheral effects of nociceptin were examined in normal and acutely inflamed rat knee joints by analyzing single unit recordings from articular primary afferents in response to normal and extreme rotation of the knee. Bolus close intraarterial injection of nociceptin (0.01, 1 and 100 microM) caused a sensitization of normal and inflamed knee joint(More)
In total 23 rat knee joint afferent units with conduction velocities of 1.2-17 m/s were recorded extracellularly during inward and outward joint rotations of defined torque using a newly developed torque-meter. There was not a linear relation between the torque and the obtained angle of the joint. The mechanical thresholds of the units ranged from 10 to 60(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare 3 different hyaluronan (HA) preparations used as therapeutic agents for osteoarthritis pain in humans in order to establish the degree to which a single application affects the sensitivity of nociceptors in both the normal and the acutely inflamed rat joint. METHODS In anesthetized rats, single-unit recordings were performed from the(More)
The parietal dura mater encephali of the rat was shown by immunohistochemistry to be densely innervated by calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactive nerve fibers spreading around the medial meningeal artery and its branches. Electrical stimulation of the dural surface (10-20 V, 5-10 Hz, 10-30 min) caused a depletion of CGRP-immunopositive(More)
Bradykinin (BK), an important inflammatory mediator and potent algogenic substance, is supposed to contribute to the generation of arthritic hyperalgesia and pain. The present study was undertaken to examine if an experimental kaolin/carrageenan arthritis sensitizes articular afferents to BK in the cat's knee joint using two different approaches. First, the(More)
To examine whether substance P (SP) influences the response properties of fine articular afferents in normal and acutely inflamed joints, single units were recorded from the rat knee during normal and noxious joint rotations. Only three of 39 units were activated by a single bolus injection of 0.1 mM SP. However, 35% (7/20) of the nerve fibres from the(More)