Matthias Ochs

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Surfactant protein C (SP-C) is synthesized by type II pneumocytes as a 21-kD propeptide (proSP-C) which is proteolytically processed to a 4.2-kD dipalmitoylated protein. To characterize the processing of proSP-C and the role of the cysteine protease cathepsin H, we studied the localization of proSP-C and cathepsin H in human as well as proSP-C in rat lungs,(More)
Combustion-derived and synthetic nano-sized particles (NSP) have gained considerable interest among pulmonary researchers and clinicians for two main reasons. 1) Inhalation exposure to combustion-derived NSP was associated with increased pulmonary and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality as suggested by epidemiological studies. Experimental evidence has(More)
The number of alveoli is a key structural determinant of lung architecture. A design-based stereologic approach was used for the direct and unbiased estimation of alveolar number in the human lung. The principle is based on two-dimensional topology in three-dimensional space and is free of assumptions on the shape, size, or spatial orientation of alveoli.(More)
The mean linear intercept (chord) length (L(m)) is a useful parameter of peripheral lung structure as it describes the mean free distance in the air spaces. It is often misinterpreted as a measure of "alveolar size," and its estimation is fraught with a number of pitfalls. We present two methods for the accurate estimation of L(m): 1) the indirect method,(More)
AIMS We explored the use of highly purified murine and human pluripotent stem cell (PSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) to generate functional bioartificial cardiac tissue (BCT) and investigated the role of fibroblasts, ascorbic acid (AA), and mechanical stimuli on tissue formation, maturation, and functionality. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine and human(More)
Quantitative data on lung structure are essential to set up structure-function models for assessing the functional performance of the lung or to make statistically valid comparisons in experimental morphology, physiology, or pathology. The methods of choice for microscopy-based lung morphometry are those of stereology, the science of quantitative(More)
Ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) result in surfactant dysfunction. Whether the impairment of surfactant is a consequence or a cause of intraalveolar edema formation is still unknown. The cumulative effects of lung perfusion, ischemic storage, and subsequent reperfusion on surfactant ultrastructure and pulmonary function were studied in a rat isolated perfused(More)
Mutations in the surfactant protein C gene (SFTPC) were recently reported in patients with interstitial lung disease. In a 13-month-old infant with severe respiratory insufficiency, a lung biopsy elicited combined histological patterns of nonspecific interstitial pneumonia and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Immunohistochemical and biochemical analyses(More)
Surfactant protein B (SP-B) is synthesized by type II pneumocytes as a proprotein (proSP-B) that is proteolytically processed to an 8-kD protein. In human type II pneumocytes, we identified not only proSP-B, processing intermediates of proSP-B, and mature SP-B, but also fragments of the N-terminal propeptide. By means of immunoelectron microscopy, proSP-B(More)