Matthias M Koebel

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We investigated the three-dimensional, microscopic, dimensional changes of Picea abies (L. Karst) wood samples due to controlled steps of the ambient relative humidity. The study was performed at the wood cellular scale by high-resolution synchroton radiation phase-contrast X-ray tomographic microscopy (srPCXTM). Tomographic images were taken after the(More)
The vibrational spectra of platinum nanoparticles (2.4-9 nm) capped with poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) were investigated by deep UV-Raman and FTIR spectroscopy and compared with those of pure PVP. Raman spectra of PVP/Pt show selective enhancement of C=O, C-N, and CH2 vibrational modes attributed to the pyrrolidone ring. Selective enhancement of ring(More)
Using low-pressure chemical vapor deposition of silicon dioxide, we have reduced the size of 56-nm features in a silicon nitride membrane, called a stencil, down to 36 nm. Sub-50-nm uniformly sized nanoparticles are fabricated by electron-beam deposition of Pt through the stencil mask. A self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of(More)
A robust synthesis approach to transparent conducting oxide (TCO) materials using epoxide assisted sol-gel chemistry is reported. The new route utilizes simple tin and antimony chloride precursors in aqueous solution, thus eliminating the need for organometallic precursors. Propylene oxide acts as a proton scavenger and drives metal hydroxide formation and(More)
Polyvinylpyrollidone (PVP)-capped platinum nanoparticles (NPs) are found to change shape from spherical to flat when deposited on mesoporous silica substrates (SBA-15). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analyses are used in these studies. The SAXS results(More)
Transverse photothermal beam deflection (tPBD) is used to detect and quantify proteins arrayed on slides. The slides are "read" using an argon-ion excitation source. Optical absorption cross-sections of most proteins are too small for submonolayer coverages to produce thermal gradients of sufficient magnitude for detection using tPBD. Thus, surface-arrayed(More)
Silica aerogels are excellent thermal insulators, but their brittle nature has prevented widespread application. To overcome these mechanical limitations, silica-biopolymer hybrids are a promising alternative. A one-pot process to monolithic, superinsulating pectin-silica hybrid aerogels is presented. Their structural and physical properties can be tuned by(More)
We report a facile synthesis of superhydrophobic silica-iron oxide nanocomposites via a co-precursor sol-gel process. The choice of the silica precursor (Methyltrimethoxysilane, MTMS) in combination with iron nitrate altered the pore structure dramatically. The influence of iron oxide doping on the structural properties of pristine MTMS aerogel is discussed.
With growing public interest in portable electronics such as micro fuel cells, micro gas total analysis systems, and portable medical devices, the need for miniaturized air pumps with minimal electrical power consumption is on the rise. Thus, the development and downsizing of next-generation thermal transpiration gas pumps has been investigated intensively(More)