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The reelin signaling pathway plays a crucial role during the development of laminated structures in the mammalian brain. Reelin, which is synthesized and secreted by Cajal-Retzius cells in the marginal zone of the neocortex and hippocampus, is proposed to act as a stop signal for migrating neurons. Here we show that a decreased expression of reelin mRNA by(More)
Mesio-temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is often accompanied by granule cell dispersion (GCD), a widening of the granule cell layer. The molecular determinants of GCD are poorly understood. Here, we used an animal model to study whether GCD results from an increased dentate neurogenesis associated with an abnormal migration of the newly generated granule cells.(More)
There is increasing, although largely indirect, evidence that neurotrophic factors not only function as target-derived survival factors for projection neurons, but also act locally to regulate developmental processes. We studied the expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and the CNTF-specific ligand-binding alpha-subunit of the CNTF receptor(More)
To investigate the involvement of ciliary neurotropic factor (CNTF) in the postlesional response of motoneurons, we studied the activation of STAT3 signaling, the main signal transduction pathway of CNTF-like cytokines, in the facial nucleus of wildtype and CNTF-deficient mice following peripheral nerve transection. As shown by immunocytochemistry and(More)
In the neurogenic areas of the adult rodent brain, neural stem cells (NSCs) proliferate and produce new neurons throughout the lifetime. This requires a permanent pool of NSCs, the size of which needs to be tightly controlled. The gp130-associated cytokines ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) have been implicated in(More)
BACKGROUND With the progressive aging of western populations, cardiac surgeons are increasingly faced with elderly patients. METHODS We reviewed the records of 191 consecutive patients aged 80 years or older (mean age, 83 +/- 2.4 years) who underwent a cardiac surgical procedure at our institution from 1991 through 1996. RESULTS Ninety-eight patients(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) are important for the survival and regeneration of axotomized motoneurons. To investigate the role of CNTF/LIF signaling in regenerative responses of motoneurons, we studied the expression of the three receptor components, CNTF receptor alpha(More)
Effects of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) on photoreceptor development in dissociated cultures of embryonic chick and newborn rat retina were studied using opsin immunoreactivity to characterize photoreceptor differentiation. In the presence of CNTF, the number of photoreceptors was increased by up to 200% in chick cultures, but was reduced by 82-99% in(More)
BACKGROUND Metastases are the most frequent tumours in the brain. At the time of diagnosis, more than 50% of patients present with multiple lesions. The goal of our retrospective investigation was to evaluate the outcome of patients who undergo surgery for multiple cerebral metastases and to determine prognostic factors. METHODS We included 127 patients(More)
To investigate a potential role of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) in transient global ischemia, we have studied the postischemic regulatory changes in the expression of CNTF and its receptor, the ligand-binding alpha-subunit (CNTFRalpha). Immunoblot analysis demonstrated CNTF levels were slightly upregulated already during the first day after ischemia(More)