Matthias Kirsch

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Mesio-temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is often accompanied by granule cell dispersion (GCD), a widening of the granule cell layer. The molecular determinants of GCD are poorly understood. Here, we used an animal model to study whether GCD results from an increased dentate neurogenesis associated with an abnormal migration of the newly generated granule cells.(More)
There is increasing, although largely indirect, evidence that neurotrophic factors not only function as target-derived survival factors for projection neurons, but also act locally to regulate developmental processes. We studied the expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and the CNTF-specific ligand-binding alpha-subunit of the CNTF receptor(More)
After optic nerve injury retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) normally fail to regenerate axons in the optic nerve and undergo apoptosis. However, lens injury (LI) or intravitreal application of zymosan switch RGCs into an active regenerative state, enabling these neurons to survive axotomy and to regenerate axons into the injured optic nerve. Several factors have(More)
Effects of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) on photoreceptor development in dissociated cultures of embryonic chick and newborn rat retina were studied using opsin immunoreactivity to characterize photoreceptor differentiation. In the presence of CNTF, the number of photoreceptors was increased by up to 200% in chick cultures, but was reduced by 82-99% in(More)
The reelin signaling pathway plays a crucial role during the development of laminated structures in the mammalian brain. Reelin, which is synthesized and secreted by Cajal-Retzius cells in the marginal zone of the neocortex and hippocampus, is proposed to act as a stop signal for migrating neurons. Here we show that a decreased expression of reelin mRNA by(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent and devastating primary brain tumor in adults. The presence of epigenetic lesions, like hypermethylation of known tumor suppressor genes such as MGMT, has been widely described in GBM, but to our knowledge, a genome-wide profile of DNA methylation changes in these lethal tumors is not yet available. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Although vasodilatory shock (VS) is one of the main complications of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), its pathophysiologic basis remains unclear. The aim of this study was to identify predisposing factors for the development of VS after CPB independent of ventricular function. METHODS Thirty-six patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) are important for the survival and regeneration of axotomized motoneurons. To investigate the role of CNTF/LIF signaling in regenerative responses of motoneurons, we studied the expression of the three receptor components, CNTF receptor alpha(More)
Previous in vitro studies have convincingly demonstrated the involvement of diffusible factors in the regulation of photoreceptor development. We now provide evidence that ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) represents one of these regulatory molecules. In low density monolayer cultures prepared from embryonic day 8 chick retina, photoreceptor development(More)
To investigate a potential role of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) in transient global ischemia, we have studied the postischemic regulatory changes in the expression of CNTF and its receptor, the ligand-binding alpha-subunit (CNTFRalpha). Immunoblot analysis demonstrated CNTF levels were slightly upregulated already during the first day after ischemia(More)