Learn More
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) metabolizes epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids. EETs are formed from arachidonic acid during myocardial ischemia and play a protective role against ischemic cell death. Deletion of sEH has been shown to be protective against myocardial ischemia in the isolated heart preparation. We tested the(More)
Inhalation of nitric oxide (NO) and prostacyclin (PGI2) may induce selective pulmonary vasodilation and-by improving ventilation-perfusion ratio in ventilated areas of the lung-increase Pao2 in patients with acute lung injury. To assess the therapeutic efficacy of both compounds, dose-response curves were established in patients with adult respiratory(More)
Acute pulmonary hypertension with life-threatening right heart failure may complicate the postoperative course following cardiothoracic surgery. Both inhaled nitric oxide and inhaled iloprost, a stable analogue of prostacyclin, have been used frequently for this purpose in acute pulmonary hypertension of various origins. We present a case of a patient with(More)
OBJECTIVE Inhalation of high concentrations of nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to improve gas exchange and to reduce pulmonary vascular resistance in individuals with ischemia-reperfusion injury following orthotopic lung transplantation. We assessed the cardiopulmonary effects of low doses of NO in early allograft dysfunction following lung(More)
Echocardiography is a rapid, noninvasive, comprehensive cardiac assessment option for patients presenting with hemodynamic instability. In patients with septic shock, echocardiography can be used to guide fluid therapy by measuring collapsibility of the inferior vena cava. Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction can be diagnosed, and responses to therapy can(More)
Met(5)-enkephalin (ME)-induced cardioprotection occurs via epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) transactivation with the subsequent activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). In the present study, we investigated whether there is a sex difference in ME-elicited PI3K signaling. Neonatal murine cardiomyocytes were isolated by collagenase digestion(More)
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) metabolizes epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), primarily 14,15-EET. EETs are derived from arachidonic acid via P-450 epoxygenases and are cardioprotective. We tested the hypothesis that sEH deficiency and pharmacological inhibition elicit tolerance to ischemia via EET-mediated STAT3 signaling in vitro and in vivo. In addition,(More)
Administration of drugs via the airway is increasingly practiced in ICU- and surgical patients. For this purpose, aerosols may be produced by either jet nebulization or ultrasonic droplet generation. In mechanically ventilated patients, aerosol delivery is often insufficient. The influence of the ventilatory pattern on nebulizer efficacy is poorly(More)
BACKGROUND A clinically relevant increase of PaO subset2 or decrease of pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) upon inhalation of NO (iNO) does occur in only 60 to 80% of patients with acute lung injury. The mechanisms for divergent responses of different patients have not yet been fully elucidated. Since NO mediates its pulmonary effects by stimulating(More)
OBJECTIVE In this review, we define learning goals and recommend competencies concerning focused basic critical care ultrasound (CCUS) for critical care specialists in training. DESIGN The narrative review is, and the recommendations contained herein are, sponsored by the Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists. Our recommendations are based on a(More)