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PURPOSE The functional anatomy of the knee is frequently studied but remains incompletely understood. Numerous authors have described a structure in the lateral knee connecting the lateral femoral condyle with the lateral meniscus and tibial plateau. The goal of this study is to define the incidence, anatomy, and histology of this structure, the(More)
INTRODUCTION Varisation osteotomies on the distal femur are an established treatment method for valgus osteoarthritis of the knee in younger patients. Osteotomy can be done in a lateral open-wedge or medial closed-wedge manner. METHOD We retrospectively studied 14 patients treated by the lateral open-wedge technique, fixed with the Tomofix plate, with a(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes of patients treated with autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) for full-thickness chondral and osteochondral defects of the femoral condyles and patella. METHOD A retrospective evaluation of clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated with AMIC for(More)
We investigated the role of a functional brace worn for four months in the treatment of patients with an acute isolated tear of the posterior cruciate ligament to determine whether reduction of the posterior tibial translation during the healing period would give an improved final position of the tibia. The initial and follow-up stability was tested by(More)
Full thickness articular cartilage defects have limited regenerative potential and are a significant source of pain and loss of knee function. Numerous treatment options exist, each with their own advantages and drawbacks. The goal of this review is to provide an overview of the problem of cartilage injury, a brief description of current treatment options(More)
PURPOSE High tibial osteotomy is a well-established method for the treatment of medial unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee. METHODS We analysed retrospectively the long-term outcome of open and closing wedge valgisation high tibial osteotomies. Out of 71 patients, 54 (76%) were available for the study. Survival rates and the influence of the(More)
PURPOSE The aims of this study were to evaluate the anatomic feasibility of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction using a part of the adductor magnus tendon and to identify possible risks. METHODS Twenty cadaveric knees were dissected. The distal part of the adductor magnus tendon was evaluated with respect to the anatomic topography and(More)
Osteoathritis (OA) of the knee is common, and the chances of suffering from OA increase with age. Its treatment should be initially nonoperative-and requires both pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment modalities. If conservative therapy fails, surgery should be considered. Surgical treatments for knee OA include arthroscopy, cartilage repair,(More)
BACKGROUND The cause of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is unknown, but mechanical factors seem to play a role. PURPOSE To identify a relationship between localization of OCD and mechanical axis of the leg. STUDY DESIGN Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS Using bilateral full-leg standing radiographs, we analyzed the position of the mechanical(More)