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OBJECTIVES To provide pooled data on the prevalence of malnutrition in elderly people as evaluated using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). DESIGN Retrospective pooled analysis of previously published datasets. SETTING Hospital, rehabilitation, nursing home, community. PARTICIPANTS Four thousand five hundred seven people (75.2% female) with a mean(More)
OBJECTIVE To validate a revision of the Mini Nutritional Assessment short-form (MNA(R)-SF) against the full MNA, a standard tool for nutritional evaluation. METHODS A literature search identified studies that used the MNA for nutritional screening in geriatric patients. The contacted authors submitted original datasets that were merged into a single(More)
Frailty and malnutrition are both highly prevalent in the older population and have therefore become principle topics in geriatric research. Frailty is of multifactorial origin and is regarded as a fundamental risk factor for deteriorating health status and disability in older people. It is estimated that prevalence rates for frailty and pre-frailty reach(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Malnutrition is highly prevalent in the older population. It is associated with declining functionality and relevant health deficits. This review presents the principles of successful nutritional screening and assessment in older persons. RECENT FINDINGS Although no gold standard for the diagnosis of malnutrition can serve as reference,(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of the geriatric syndrome frailty is multifactorial. Besides hormonal and inflammatory processes, nutritional influences may be of major relevance. In this cross-sectional study, the association between dietary quality and frailty was investigated. METHODS In 192 community-dwelling older volunteers (>75 years), an interview-based(More)
BACKGROUND To preserve muscle mass and therefore limit the risk of disability in older adults protein intake is seen as important factor. Besides the amount of protein, its distribution over the day is thought to affect protein anabolism. This cross-sectional study investigates the association between the amount and distribution of protein intake and(More)
The liver is innervated by sympathetic efferent, spinal afferent, vagal afferent and probably also vagal efferent fibres. To assess potential functional roles of the various neuronal subsets, data on transmitter systems are of crucial importance. This study was aimed at elucidating a possible opioidergic system in the mouse and rat liver. In particular(More)
The age-associated loss of muscle mass and muscle strength described by the term sarcopenia is highly relevant for functionality among nursing home residents. Nevertheless, the scientific literature concentrating on sarcopenia in this population is scarce. For practical reasons, common definitions of this entity, which rely on dual energy x-ray(More)
BACKGROUND Although the percentage of obese nursing home residents is increasing, few longitudinal studies have reported on functionality and mortality in this subpopulation. The aim of the present study was to explore functionality and mortality in obese nursing home residents during a 1-year follow-up and to compare these results with those of residents(More)
In the early 1990s, the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA; Nestle Nutrition, Vevey, Switzerland) was developed for nutrition screening in the elderly. Since then, it became the most established and widespread screening tool for older persons and has been translated into many different languages. The MNA shows prognostic relevance with regard to(More)