Matthias Heinrich Otto Wenghoefer

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BACKGROUND Whereas the antimicrobial peptides hBD-2 and -3 are related to inflammation, the constitutively expressed hBD-1 might function as 8p tumour suppressor gene and thus play a key role in control of transcription and induction of apoptosis in malignant epithelial tumours. Therefore this study was conducted to characterise proteins involved in cell(More)
Purpose of this study was to investigate whether human β-defensins (hBDs) affect maturation and proliferation of osteoblast-like MG63 cells in vitro. Osteoblast-like MG63 cells were stimulated with hBD-1, -2, and -3 under control conditions and with hBD-2 during experimental inflammation (induced by interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, toll-like(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the prenatal ultrasound findings of the craniofacial and extracephalic anatomy, the postnatal pathological findings, and the genetic anomalies in 51 cases of holoprosencephaly (HPE). MATERIALS AND METHODS Between 1990 and 2005, a collective of 51 fetuses with tentative ultrasound diagnosis of HPE was recruited at two tertiary referral(More)
The overall prognosis for patients with glioblastoma multiforme is extremely poor. However, a small proportion of patients enjoy prolonged survival. This study investigated retrospectively the extent to which erroneous histopathological classification may contribute to long-term survival of patients initially diagnosed with "glioblastoma multiforme." We(More)
BACKGROUND Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is safe and effective as treatment of allergic rhinitis and mild asthma. Oral mucosal Langerhans cells (oLCs) play a central role. However, little is known about allergen binding by oLCs during mucosal allergen resorption and its impact on oLC functions. OBJECTIVE Binding of Phl p 5 to oLCs was studied in a(More)
AIM To analyse antigen-presenting cells (APCs), such as dendritic cells (DCs), macrophages (Mo) or B cells depending on the regional site of chronic periodontitis (CP), and to investigate their relation to Th17 cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS Biopsies from oral mucosa as well as the coronal and bottom regions of CP were analysed by immunhistochemistry,(More)
BACKGROUND Despite high bacterial colonization, acute infections are rare in the oral mucosa, implicating tolerogenic predominance. Bacterial antigens like LPSs are recognized by innate immunity receptors such as Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), associated with LPS receptor (CD14). OBJECTIVES Toll-like receptor 4 agonist monosphoryl lipid A has been(More)
Although antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) appear to have diverse functional activities in innate immunity, a few reports suggest a potential role of human beta-defensin (hBD)-1 in tumor suppression. The aim of the present study was to compare the expression patterns of hBD-1, -2 and -3 in various features of human salivary gland tissues, such as healthy(More)