Learn More
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) to seronegative, immunocompromised recipients can cause serious and fatal complications. Although the seroprevalence of CMV is high, the risk of primary CMV infection among healthy blood donors has not yet been analysed in a large population. MATERIALS AND METHODS We developed an algorithm to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether DNA aneuploidy is a sensitive and specific marker for the identification of tumor cells in effusions and whether the pattern of DNA aneuploidy can provide important information for the differential diagnosis of primary and secondary tumors of the serous membranes. STUDY DESIGN One hundred eight malignant mesotheliomas as(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the bmpr2 gene, encoding the type II bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor, have been identified in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), implicating BMP signaling in PAH. The aim of this study was to assess BMP signaling and its physiological effects in a monocrotaline (MCT) model of PAH. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) constitute the major cellular component of the vessel tunica media. VSMC proliferation is a key feature in developing vessels and pathological states such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta is a key regulator of VSMCs, but its effect on VSMC proliferation and apoptosis are(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by selective elevation of pulmonary arterial pressure. The pathological hallmark of PAH is the narrowing of pulmonary arterioles secondary to endothelial cell dysfunction and smooth muscle cell proliferation. Heterozygous mutations in BMPR2, encoding the type II bone morphogenetic protein(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal interstitial lung disease characterised by accumulation of activated (myo)fibroblasts and excessive extracellular matrix deposition. The enhanced accumulation of (myo)fibroblasts may be attributed, in part, to the process of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal(More)
Interleukin-21 (IL-21), a member of the type I cytokine family, regulates central functions of immunity. Within this family, signaling is mediated via a receptor complex consisting of a high-affinity receptor chain and the common gamma-chain (IL-2Rgamma, CD132). We analyze the mRNA expression of IL-21, IL-21 receptor-alpha (IL-21Ralpha) and family members(More)
Mutations in genes encoding members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily have been identified in idiopathic forms of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The current study examined whether perturbations to the TGF-beta/Smad2,3 signalling axis occurred in a monocrotaline (MCT) rodent model of experimental PAH. Expression of the TGF-beta(More)
Interleukin (IL)-4 exerts its biological effects through binding to the IL-4 receptor (IL4R) complex, plays a central role in stimulating B-cell differentiation, and is crucial for the development of T helper 2 cells. Recently, a soluble form of the human IL4R alpha chain (sIL4R alpha), which is produced by alternate mRNA splicing of exon 8, was discovered.(More)
RATIONALE Acute lung injury (ALI) remains an important cause of mortality in intensive care units. Inflammation is controlled by cytokines and eicosanoids derived from the n-6 fatty acid (FA) arachidonic acid (AA). The n-3 FA eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and mediators derived from EPA and DHA possess reduced inflammatory(More)