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It is speculated that anaerobic metabolism is the predominant source of energy in karate kumite. However, no experimental proof is currently available. The metabolic cost and fractions of aerobic and anaerobic energy of karate kumite fighting were investigated. Ten male nationally or internationally ranked karateka [means (SD) age 26.9 (3.8) years, height(More)
The Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) is generally used to evaluate anaerobic cycling performance, but knowledge of the metabolic profile of WAnT is limited. Therefore the energetics of WAnT was analysed with respect to working efficiency and performance. A group of 11 male subjects [mean (SD), age 21.6 (3.8) years, height 178.6 (6.6) cm, body mass 82.2 (12.1)(More)
Blood composition, hemoglobin mass (CO rebreathing method) and VO2peak were measured in 15 untrained (UT-Bogotá) and 14 trained males (TR-Bogotá) living at 2600 m of altitude, and in 14 untrained lowlanders (UT-Berlin). [Hb] amounted to 15.3 + 0.2(SE) g/dl in UT-Berlin, 17.4 + 0.2 g/dl in UT-Bogotá and 16.0 + 0.2 g/dl in TR-Bogotá. Hb mass was significantly(More)
PURPOSE The maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) corresponds to the highest workload that can be maintained over time without a continual blood lactate accumulation. MLSS and MLSS intensity have been speculated to depend on performance. Experimental proof of this hypothesis is missing. METHODS 33 male subjects (age: 23.7 +/- 5.5 yr, height: 181.2 +/- 5.3(More)
BACKGROUND Blood lactate concentration (BLC) can be used to monitor relative exercise intensity. The highest BLC representing an equilibrium between lactate production and elimination is termed maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). MLSS is used to discriminate qualitatively between continuous exercise, which is limited by stored energy, from other types of(More)
It has been concluded from comparisons of base excess (BE) and lactic acid (La) concentration changes in blood during exercise-induced acidosis that more H+ than La- leave the muscle and enter interstitial fluid and blood. To examine this, we performed incremental cycle tests in 13 untrained males and measured acid-base status and [La] in arterialized(More)
PURPOSE The effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment on exercise tolerance in children with cystic fibrosis was investigated. METHODS 10 prepubertal children (mean +/- SD; age: 12.1 +/- 1.7 yr; height: 137.4 +/- 9.2 cm; body mass: 27.8 +/- 4.2 kg; forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1): 68 +/- 22% predicted) were randomly assigned to either control period(More)
The half maximal constant (k (el)) of the relative rate of carbohydrate oxidation (relCHO) was individually approximated (relCHO = 100/(1 + k (el)/BLC(2)) as a function of the blood lactate concentration (BLC) in 11 pre-pubertal boys and 11 male adolescents (age: 11.6 +/- 0.1 vs. 16.4 +/- 0.2 years, height: 151.6 +/- 1.7 vs. 182.4 +/- 2.3 cm, body mass:(More)
Whether age-related differences in blood lactate concentrations (BLC) reflect specific BLC kinetics was analyzed in 15 prepubescent boys (age 12.0 +/- 0.6 yr, height 1.54 +/- 0.06 m, body mass 40.0 +/- 5.2 kg), 12 adolescents (16.3 +/- 0.7 yr, 1.83 +/- 0.07 m, 68.2 +/- 7.5 kg), and 12 adults (27.2 +/- 4.5 yr, 1.83 +/- 0.06 m, 81.6 +/- 6.9 kg) by use of a(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the effect of an 8-wk training program on the energy cost of running (C) and the performance of 16 recreational males. METHODS A training group (TG, N = 8, 25.3 +/- 2.9 yr, 183.6 +/- 7.3 cm, 80.9 +/- 9.6 kg) and a control group (CG, N = 8, 24.3 +/- 3.7 yr, 179.3 +/- 6.1 cm, 75.5 +/- 8.0 kg) performed three two-stage tests (TST) at weeks(More)