Matthias Höhne

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Biocatalysis has emerged as a powerful alternative to traditional chemistry, especially for asymmetric synthesis. One key requirement during process development is the discovery of a biocatalyst with an appropriate enantiopreference and enantioselectivity, which can be achieved, for instance, by protein engineering or screening of metagenome libraries. We(More)
BACKGROUND Arteriosclerosis is a pathological, structural (media vascular calcification) and physiological (modified vascular smooth vessel cells; increased arterial stiffness) alteration of the vessel wall. Through improved assessment methods (functional and imaging), it has become a well-known phenomenon in recent decades. However, its clinical importance(More)
Recent studies have suggested that hypercholesterolemia may aggravate glomerulosclerosis. Mesangial cells actively participate in this process. To elucidate mechanisms by which lipids act on human mesangial cells (HMC), we measured the receptor-specific uptake of apolipoprotein (Apo) B- and Apo B- and E-containing lipoproteins in the presence and absence of(More)
The synthesis of the erythroid lipoxygenase, an enzyme which is of importance for the degradation of mitochondria during the maturation of reticulocytes to erythrocytes, was studied in reticulocytes from bone marrow and in density-separated fractions from peripheral blood of anemic rabbits. Lipoxygenase mRNA was enriched to about 75% by digestion of(More)
In this review we analyse structure/sequence-function relationships for the superfamily of PLP-dependent enzymes with special emphasis on class III transaminases. Amine transaminases are highly important for applications in biocatalysis in the synthesis of chiral amines. In addition, other enzyme activities such as racemases or decarboxylases are also(More)
Engineering cofactor specificity of enzymes is a promising approach that can expand the application of enzymes for biocatalytic production of industrially relevant chemicals. Until now, only NADPH-dependent imine reductases (IREDs) are known. This limits their applications to reactions employing whole cells as a cost-efficient cofactor regeneration system.(More)
The receptors for insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) have in common a high sequence homology and diverse overlapping functions, (e.g., the stimulation of acute metabolic events and the induction of cell growth.). In the present study, we have compared the potential of insulin and IGF-I receptors in stimulating glucose transport activity,(More)
[reaction: see text] A recent discovery that a certain amino acid motif (GGG(A)X-motif) in lipases and esterases determines their activity toward tertiary alcohols prompted us to investigate the use of these biocatalysts in the mild and selective removal of tert-butyl protecting groups in amino acid derivatives and related compounds. An esterase from(More)
Chiral amines and amino acids play an important role in the pharmaceutical, agrochemical and chemical industry. They are frequently used as synthons for the preparation of various pharmaceutically active substances and agrochemicals, or as resolving agents for chiral acids. Consequently, there is a need for efficient methods to obtain the desired R or S(More)
For the biocatalytic preparation of optically active amines, omega-transaminases (omega-TA) are of special interest since they allow the asymmetric synthesis starting from prostereogenic ketones with 100% yield. To facilitate the purification and characterization of novel omega-TA, a fast kinetic assay was developed based on the conversion of the widely(More)