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Sensory transduction in vertebrate photoreceptors and olfactory sensory neurons is mediated by cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels that conduct mono- and divalent cations. Ca2+ entering the cell through CNG channels intimately controls signaling pathways by regulating several key enzymes. Cloned CNG channels from photoreceptors and olfactory sensory(More)
Ion channels in roots allow the plant to gain access to nutrients. The composition of the individual ion channels and the functional contribution of different alpha-subunits is largely unknown. Focusing on K(+)-selective ion channels, we have characterized AtKC1, a new alpha-subunit from the Arabidopsis shaker-like ion channel family.(More)
A new mutant of Arabidopsis designated bus1-1 (for bushy), which exhibited a bushy phenotype with crinkled leaves and retarded vascularization, was characterized. The phenotype was caused by an En-1 insertion in the gene CYP79F1. The deduced protein belongs to the cytochrome P450 superfamily. Because members of the CYP79 subfamily are believed to catalyze(More)
The cyclic nucleotide-gated channel from rod photoreceptors is composed of two distinct subunits (alpha and beta). The properties of the alpha subunit, which can form functional channels by itself, are modified by coexpression with a homologous polypeptide, designated the beta subunit. However, the alpha subunit from rod photoreceptor membranes copurifies(More)
It is generally accepted that K(+) uptake into guard cells via inward-rectifying K(+) channels is required for stomatal opening. To test whether the guard cell K(+) channel KAT1 is essential for stomatal opening, a knockout mutant, KAT1En-1, was isolated from an En-1 mutagenized Arabidopsis thaliana population. Stomatal action and K(+) uptake, however, were(More)
Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels serve as downstream targets of signalling pathways in vertebrate photoreceptor cells and olfactory sensory neurons (see ref. 1 for review). Ca2+ ions that enter through CNG channels intimately control these signalling pathways by regulating synthesis or hydrolysis of cyclic nucleotides, and by decreasing ligand(More)
Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) ion channels serve as downstream targets of signalling pathways in vertebrate photoreceptors and olfactory sensory neurons. Whether CNG channels subserve similar functions in invertebrate photoreception and olfaction is unknown. We have cloned genomic DNA and cDNA encoding a cGMP-gated channel from Drosophila. The gene contains(More)
Peptides released from eggs of marine invertebrates play a central role in fertilization. About 80 different peptides from various phyla have been isolated, however, with one exception, their respective receptors on the sperm surface have not been unequivocally identified and the pertinent signaling pathways remain ill defined. Using rapid mixing techniques(More)
The Arabidopsis double pore K+ channel KCO1 was fused to green fluorescent protein and expressed in tobacco protoplasts. Microscopic analysis revealed a bright green fluorescence at the vacuolar membrane. RT-PCR experiments showed that KCO1 is expressed in the mesophyll. Vacuoles from Arabidopsis wild-type and kco1 knockout plants were isolated for(More)
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