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Various in vitro studies have suggested that ErbB4 (HER4) is a receptor for the neuregulins, a family of closely related proteins implicated as regulators of neural and muscle development, and of the differentiation and oncogenic transformation of mammary epithelia. Here we demonstrate that ErbB4 is an essential in vivo regulator of both cardiac muscle(More)
The neuregulins (NRGs) are a family of multipotent epidermal-growth-factor-like (EGF-like) factors that arise from splice variants of a single gene. They influence the growth, differentiation, survival and fate of several cell types. We have now discovered a set of new neuregulin-like growth factors, which we call neuregulin-2 (NRG-2): these are encoded by(More)
Little is known about the molecular mechanisms that control adrenomedullin (AM) production in human cancers. We demonstrate here that the expression of AM mRNA in a variety of human tumor cell lines is highly induced in a time-dependent manner by reduced oxygen tension (1% O2) or exposure to hypoxia mimetics such as desferrioxamine mesylate (DFX) or CoCl2.(More)
Tyro4 is a member of the eph family of receptor protein-tyrosine kinases. We present sequence analysis that identifies Tyro4 as the rat homolog of mouse Mek4 and chick Cek4. We also present expression studies that demonstrate an evolutionarily conserved pattern of expression for Tyro4, Mek4, and Cek4. Most strikingly, we find this receptor to be(More)
The neuregulins are a family of closely related proteins that play important roles in neural and cardiac development, as well as in mammary carcinogenesis. The pleiotropic activities of these molecules are transduced by a set of receptor protein tyrosine kinases that exhibit structural similarity to the receptor for epidermal growth factor. Recent results(More)
Fragile X syndrome is one of the most common genetic causes of mental retardation, yet the mechanisms controlling expression of the fragile X mental retardation gene FMR1 are poorly understood. To identify sequences regulating FMR1 transcription, transgenic mouse lines were established using a fusion gene consisting of an E.coli beta-galactosidase reporter(More)
The modelling of organic pollutants in the environment is burdened by numerous uncertainties. Not only parameter values are uncertain but often also the mass and timing of pesticide application. By introducing transformation products (TPs) into modelling, further uncertainty, coming from the dependence of these substances on their parent compounds and the(More)
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