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Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-6-(2'-naphthylazo-6'-nitro-4',8'-disulfonat e) (PPNDS) potently antagonized P2X(1) receptor-mediated responses in rat vas deferens (pK(B)=7.43) and Xenopus laevis oocytes (pIC(50)=7. 84). It showed lower (up to 20,000-fold) inhibitory potency on ecto-nucleotidase in Xenopus oocytes and on P2Y(1) receptors in guinea-pig ileum(More)
Effects of 6-[(4,6,8-trisulfo-1-naphthyl)iminocarbonyl-1, 3-(4-methylphenylene)iminocarbonyl-1, 3-phenylene-azo]-pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (SB9), a heterodimeric bivalent ligand consisting of pyridoxal-5'-phosphate and the suramin monomer, were studied on contractions of the rat vas deferens elicited by alpha beta-methylene ATP (alpha beta meATP; mediated by(More)
Antagonistic effects of the novel suramin analogue 4,4′,4′′,4′′′-(carbonylbis(imino-5,1,3-benzenetriylbis(carbonylimino)))tetrakis-benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid (NF449) were studied on contractions of the rat vas deferens elicited by α,β-methylene ATP (αβmeATP; mediated by P2X1 receptors), contractions of the guinea-pig ileal longitudinal smooth muscle(More)
NF449 [4,4',4",4"'-(carbonylbis(imino-5,1,3-benzenetriyl-bis(carbonylimino)))tetrakisbenzene-1,3-disulfonic acid-octasodiumsalt)] was recently described to inhibit recombinant rP2X(1) receptors (Naunyn Schmiedeberg's Arch. Pharmacol. 364 (2001) 285). The purpose of this study was to examine structure-activity-relationships at P2 receptors of a series of(More)
Extracellular adenine and uracil 5'-nucleotides are important signalling molecules that exert a great variety of effects in numerous tissues and cell types through the activation of P2 receptors. In the past eight years, an extended series of P2 receptors (P2X(17), ionotropic subunits; P2Y(1,2,4,6,11,12), metabotropic receptors) has been cloned from(More)
BACKGROUND Regularly updating the German pharmacopoeia on contemporary preparations DAC/NRF, chapter "Nasal Applications" and the recommendations on "Nasal Oils" as well as "Nasal Ointments and Emulsions", the issue of the risk of lipoid pneumonia associated with the use of plant oils and when compared to mineral oils arose. MATERIAL AND METHODS We(More)
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