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Recent experimental studies have shown that granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) enhanced cardiac function after infarction. The concept of direct cytokine or cell-mediated effects on postischemic myocardial function was tested in the setting of human myocardial infarction subjected to percutaneous coronary intervention. In the FIRSTLINE-AMI study(More)
Simple unmodified N-proline-based di- and tripeptides in combination with sodium hydroxide additive catalyze the asymmetric Michael reaction of ketones with nitroolefins to furnish the corresponding gamma-nitroketones with up to 99% yield, 99:1 dr and 70% ee at room temperature and on water without any organic cosolvent.
We study in a quantitative way CP-violating effects in neutrino oscillation experiments in the light of current and future data. Different scenarios with three and four neutrinos are worked out in detail including matter effects in long baseline experiments and it is shown that in some cases CP-violating effects could affect the analysis of a possible(More)
Vector control constitutes an important component of integrated disease control campaigns. Source reduction is not an option for phlebotomine sand fly vectors of leishmaniasis, because larval breeding sites remain either unknown or inaccessible. Thus, all control efforts are directed against the adult sand flies, mostly attempting to limit their contact(More)
BINOL-derived phosphoric acids have emerged during the last five years as powerful chiral Brønsted acid catalysts in many enantioselective processes. The most successful transformations carried out with chiral BINOL phosphates include C-C bond formation reactions. The recent advances have been reviewed in this article with a focus being placed on(More)
Assuming three-neutrino mixing, we study the capabilities of very long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments to verify and test the MSW effect and to measure the lepton mixing angle θ 13. We suppose that intense neutrino and antineutrino beams will become available in so–called neutrino factories. We find that the most promising and statistically(More)
Although much progress has been made in understanding the molecular basis of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), this has not yet led to major improvements in the overall survival of patients. In particular, the treatment of elderly patients with AML remains one of the major challenges in haematology. Despite increases in complete remission rates, relapse(More)
We have searched for near-infrared extragalactic background light (EBL) in the data from the Near-InfraRed Spectrometer (NIRS) on the Infrared Telescope in Space (IRTS). After subtracting the contribution of faint stars and the zodiacal component based on modeling, a significant isotropic emission is obtained in the wavelength bands from 1.4 µm to 4.0 µm.(More)
During the last years, noninvasive determination of the aortic valve area by Doppler echocardiography using the continuity equation became popular. However, a systematic valve area underestimation of about 15% compared to invasive measurements using the Gorlin formula has been reported. The cause therefore is unknown. The purpose of this study was to(More)