Matthias Fidorra

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Using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, calorimetry, and Monte Carlo simulations, we studied diffusion processes in two-component membranes close to the chain melting transition. The aim is to describe complex diffusion behavior in lipid systems in which gel and fluid domains coexist. Diffusion processes in gel membranes are significantly slower than(More)
The effect of temperature on the lateral structure of lipid bilayers composed of porcine brain ceramide and 1-palmitoyl 2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC), with and without addition of cholesterol, were studied using differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and confocal/two-photon excitation(More)
We investigate the permeability of lipid membranes for fluorescence dyes and ions. We find that permeability reaches a maximum close to the chain melting transition of the membranes. Close to transitions, fluctuations in area and compressibility are high, leading to an increased likelihood of spontaneous lipid pore formation. Fluorescence correlation(More)
We studied the thermal behavior of membranes composed of mixtures of natural cerebrosides (from porcine brain) and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) with and without cholesterol, using differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and confocal/multiphoton fluorescence microscopy. The POPC/cerebroside(More)
Monte Carlo (MC) simulations, Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to study the melting behavior of individual lipid components in two-component membranes made of DMPC and DSPC. We employed Monte Carlo simulations based on parameters obtained from DSC profiles to simulate the melting of the(More)
Monte Carlo (MC) Simulations, Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to study the melting behavior of single lipid components in two-component membranes of 1,2Dimyristoyl-D54-sn-Glycero-3-Phosphocholine (DMPC-d54) and 1,2-Distearoyl-sn-Glycero-3-Phosphocholine (DSPC). Microscopic information on(More)
Quantitative characterization of the lateral structure of curved membranes based on fluorescence microscopy requires knowledge of the fluorophore distribution on the surface. We present an image analysis approach for extraction of the fluorophore distribution on a spherical lipid vesicle from confocal imaging stacks. The technique involves projection of(More)
The pressure-dependent diffusion and partitioning of single lipid fluorophores in DMPC and DPPC monolayers were investigated with the use of a custom-made monolayer trough mounted on a combined fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) and wide-field microscopy setup. It is shown that lipid diffusion, which is essential for the function of biological(More)
We report a novel analytical procedure to measure the surface areas of coexisting lipid domains in giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) based on image processing of 3D fluorescence microscopy data. The procedure involves the segmentation of lipid domains from fluorescent image stacks and reconstruction of 3D domain morphology using active surface models. This(More)
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