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PURPOSE To investigate the effect of the multipeak spectral modeling of fat on R2* values as measures of liver iron and on the quantification of liver fat fraction, with biopsy as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained. Patients with liver disease (n = 95; 50 men, 45 women; mean(More)
The increased knowledge regarding HPV-infections in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has unexpectedly contributed to several uncertainties related to i) prevalence diversities depending on tumour site and geographical origin of the patients, ii) proportion of HPV-driven tumours among HPV-DNA-positive cases, and iii) identification of patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Pancreatic cancer is characterised by invasive tumour spread and early metastasis formation. During epithelial-mesenchymal transition, loss of the cell adhesion molecule E-cadherin is frequent and can be caused by genetic or epigenetic modifications, recruitment of transcriptional activators/repressors or post-translational modifications. A study(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility and handling of abdominal MRI-guided biopsies in a 3-T MRI system. METHODS Over a 1-year period, 50 biopsies were obtained in 47 patients with tumours of the upper abdominal organs guided by 3-T MRI with a large-bore diameter of 70 cm. Lesions in liver (47), spleen (1) and kidney (2) were biopsied with a coaxial(More)
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ICCs) are primary liver tumors with a poor prognosis. The development of effective therapies has been hampered by a limited understanding of the biology of ICCs. Although ICCs exhibit heterogeneity in location, histology, and marker expression, they are currently thought to derive invariably from the cells lining the bile(More)
Gadolinium ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) is a hepatocyte-specific MRI contrast agent. Because the hepatic uptake of Gd-EOB-DTPA depends on the integrity of the hepatocyte mass, this uptake can be quantified to assess liver function. We report the relationship between the extent of Gd-EOB-DTPA uptake and the degree of liver(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cancer cells often lose contact inhibition to undergo anchorage-independent proliferation and become resistant to apoptosis by inactivating the Hippo signaling pathway, resulting in activation of the transcriptional co-activator yes-associated protein (YAP). However, the oncogenic mechanisms of YAP activity are unclear. METHODS By using(More)
BACKGROUND Connexins are the protein subunits of intercellular gap junction channels. In mammals, they are encoded by a family of at least 15 genes, which show cell-type-specific but overlapping patterns of expression. Mice lacking connexin43 (Cx43) die postnatally from obstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract of the heart. To discriminate between(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS De novo lipogenesis is believed to be involved in oncogenesis. We investigated the role of aberrant lipid biosynthesis in the pathogenesis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS We evaluated expression of enzymes that regulate lipogenesis in human normal liver tissues and HCC and surrounding, nontumor, liver tissues from(More)