Matthias Eikermann

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BACKGROUND Sugammadex (Org 25969), a novel, selective relaxant binding agent, was specifically designed to rapidly reverse rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade. The efficacy and safety of sugammadex for the reversal of profound, high-dose rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade was evaluated. METHODS A total of 176 adult patients were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative residual curarization (PORC) [train-of-four ratio (T4/T1) <0.9] is associated with increased morbidity and may delay postoperative recovery room (PACU) discharge. We tested the hypothesis that postoperative T4/T1 <0.9 increases PACU length of stay. METHODS At admission to the PACU, neuromuscular transmission was assessed by(More)
To evaluate the effect of extracorporeal gas exchange (ECMO) on mortality of patients referred with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Prospective observational study in a university hospital ICU. 150 patients with severe ARDS. Multimodal treatment with and without ECMO. We treated 118 patients (78.7%) conservatively and 32 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Residual paralysis increases the risk of pulmonary complications but is difficult to detect. To test the hypothesis that accelerometry predicts effects of residual paralysis on pulmonary and upper airway function, the authors related tests of pulmonary and pharyngeal function to accelerometry of adductor pollicis muscle in 12 partially paralyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Successful management of postoperative pain requires that adequate analgesia is achieved without excessive adverse effects. Opioid-induced nausea and vomiting is known to impair patients' satisfaction, but there are no studies providing sufficient power to test the hypothesis that the incidence of opioid-induced nausea and vomiting differs(More)
OBJECTIVES A decrement in evoked muscle force with repetitive nerve stimulation (fade) suggests impaired neuromuscular transmission. We tested the hypothesis that fade of pulmonary function, ie, a decrease in values of FVC with the second spirometric maneuver compared to the first maneuver, occurs during impaired neuromuscular transmission. DESIGN(More)
RATIONALE Partial neuromuscular transmission failure by acetylcholine receptor blockade (neuromuscular blockade) or antibody-mediated functional loss (myasthenia gravis), even with a magnitude of muscle weakness that does not evoke respiratory symptoms, can evoke dysphagia and decreased inspiratory airflow, and increases the risk of susceptible patients to(More)
BACKGROUND Residual neuromuscular blockade increases the risk to develop postoperative complications. The authors hypothesized that minimal neuromuscular blockade (train-of-four [TOF] ratio 0.5-1) increases upper airway collapsibility and impairs upper airway dilator muscle compensatory responses to negative pharyngeal pressure challenges. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 40% of patients in medical ICUs require mechanical ventilation (MV). Approximately 20% to 25% of these patients will encounter difficulties in discontinuing MV. Multiple studies have suggested that MV has an unloading effect on the respiratory muscles that leads to diaphragmatic atrophy and dysfunction, a process called(More)
BACKGROUND Paresis acquired in the intensive care unit (ICU) is common in patients who are critically ill and independently predicts mortality and morbidity. Manual muscle testing (MMT) and handgrip dynamometry assessments have been used to evaluate muscle weakness in patients in a medical ICU, but similar data for patients in a surgical ICU (SICU) are(More)