Matthias Daxner

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Helium droplets provide the possibility to study phenomena at the very low temperatures at which quantum mechanical effects are more pronounced and fewer quantum states have significant occupation probabilities. Understanding the migration of either positive or negative charges in liquid helium is essential to comprehend charge-induced processes in(More)
The self-assembly of salt nanocrystals from chemical reactions inside liquid helium is reported for the first time. Reaction is initiated by an electron impacting a helium nanodroplet containing sodium atoms and SF6 molecules, leading to preferential production of energetically favorable structures based on the unit cell of crystalline NaF. These favorable(More)
The formation of dianions in helium nanodroplets is reported for the first time. The fullerene cluster dianions (C60)n(2-) and (C70)n(2-) were observed by mass spectrometry for n≥5 when helium droplets containing the appropriate fullerene were subjected to electron impact at approximately 22 eV. A new mechanism for dianion formation is described, which(More)
The effects of interactions between He(-) and clusters of fullerenes in helium nanodroplets are described. Electron transfer from He(-) to (C60)n and (C70)n clusters results in the formation of the corresponding fullerene cluster dianions. This unusual double electron transfer appears to be concerted and is most likely guided by electron correlation between(More)
We report the observation of the ejection of electrons caused by collisions of excited atoms with ions, rather than neutrals, leading to the production of doubly charged ions. Doping superfluid He droplets with methyl iodide and exposing them to electrons enhances the formation of doubly charged iodine atoms at the threshold for the production of two(More)
The mechanism of ionization of helium droplets has been investigated in numerous reports but one observation has not found a satisfactory explanation: How are He(+) ions formed and ejected from undoped droplets at electron energies below the ionization threshold of the free atom? Does this path exist at all? A measurement of the ion yields of He(+) and(More)
Electron attachment to CO2 embedded in superfluid He droplets leads to ionic complexes of the form (CO2)n(-) and (CO2)nO(-) and, at much lower intensities, He containing ions of the form Hem(CO2)nO(-). At low energies (<5 eV), predominantly the non-decomposed complexes (CO2)n(-) are formed via two resonance contributions, similar to electron attachment to(More)