Matthias Daxner

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The formation of dianions in helium nanodroplets is reported for the first time. The fullerene cluster dianions (C60)n(2-) and (C70)n(2-) were observed by mass spectrometry for n≥5 when helium droplets containing the appropriate fullerene were subjected to electron impact at approximately 22 eV. A new mechanism for dianion formation is described, which(More)
Helium droplets provide the possibility to study phenomena at the very low temperatures at which quantum mechanical effects are more pronounced and fewer quantum states have significant occupation probabilities. Understanding the migration of either positive or negative charges in liquid helium is essential to comprehend charge-induced processes in(More)
The mechanism of ionization of helium droplets has been investigated in numerous reports but one observation has not found a satisfactory explanation: How are He(+) ions formed and ejected from undoped droplets at electron energies below the ionization threshold of the free atom? Does this path exist at all? A measurement of the ion yields of He(+) and(More)
Alkali metal atoms and small alkali clusters are classic heliophobes and when in contact with liquid helium they reside in a dimple on the surface. Here we show that alkalis can be induced to submerge into liquid helium when a highly polarizable co-solute, C60, is added to a helium nanodroplet. Evidence is presented that shows that all sodium clusters, and(More)
In this work, we present an experimental study of dissociative excitation of CH4 utilizing a crossed electron molecular beam experiment. Methane was excited by nearly monochromatic electrons generated by a trochoidal electron monochromator. The dissociative products were identified on the basis of the emission spectra in the ultraviolet–visible (UV/VIS)(More)
We report the observation of the ejection of electrons caused by collisions of excited atoms with ions, rather than neutrals, leading to the production of doubly charged ions. Doping superfluid He droplets with methyl iodide and exposing them to electrons enhances the formation of doubly charged iodine atoms at the threshold for the production of two(More)
The self-assembly of salt nanocrystals from chemical reactions inside liquid helium is reported for the first time. Reaction is initiated by an electron impacting a helium nanodroplet containing sodium atoms and SF6 molecules, leading to preferential production of energetically favorable structures based on the unit cell of crystalline NaF. These favorable(More)