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Isolates of Rhizobium meliloti, representing antigenically distinct indigenous serogroups 31 and 17, were grown in yeast extract-mannitol broth (YEM) containing NaCl or polyethylene glycol (PEG) to provide external water potentials ranging from -0.15 to -1.5 MPa. Several differences were found between representatives of the two groups in their abilities to(More)
Countries strive to attract foreign direct investment hoping that knowledge brought by multinationals will spill over to domestic producers. While the literature has cast doubt on the existence of spillovers within industries, it has found evidence of spillovers from multinationals to the supplying sectors. However, the existing studies rely on(More)
Current research into integrating RFID into metal parts has shown the practical feasibility of embedding transponders directly into aluminum during the casting process. This introduces the possibility of augmenting parts with decision making capabilities immediately after casting. Along with concepts from the field of Intelligent Products and models of(More)
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We focus on investor-state dispute settlement provisions contained in various, though far from all, bilateral investment treaties as a possible determinant of BIT-related effects on bilateral FDI flows. Our estimation results prove to be sensitive to the specification of these provisions as well as the inclusion of transition countries in the sample.(More)
This paper overviews 17 plagiarism detectors that have been evaluated within the sixth international competition on plagiarism detection at PAN 2014. We report on their performances for the two tasks source retrieval and text alignment of external plagiarism detection. For the third year in a row, we invite software submissions instead of run submissions(More)
This paper outlines the concepts and achievements of our evaluation lab on digital text forensics, PAN 13, which called for original research and development on plagiarism detection, author identification, and author profiling. We present a standardized evaluation framework for each of the three tasks and discuss the evaluation results of the altogether 58(More)
Policymakers in developing countries have increasingly pinned their hopes on bilateral investment treaties (BITs) in order to improve their chances in the worldwide competition for foreign direct investment (FDI). However, the effectiveness of BITs in inducing higher FDI inflows is still open to debate. It is in several ways that we attempt to clarify the(More)