Matthias Bruewer

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It is well known that inflammatory conditions of the intestinal mucosa result in compromised barrier function. Inflammation is characterized by an influx into the mucosa of immune cells that influence epithelial function by releasing proinflammatory cytokines such as IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha. Mucosal barrier function is regulated by the epithelial apical(More)
Increased epithelial permeability is observed in inflammatory states. However, the mechanism by which inflammatory mediators such as IFN-gamma increase epithelial permeability is unknown. We recently observed that IFN-gamma induces disassembly of tight junctions (TJ); in this study we asked whether such TJ disassembly is mediated by endocytosis of(More)
Epithelial intercellular junctions regulate cell-cell contact and mucosal barrier function. Both tight junctions (TJs) and adherens junctions (AJs) are regulated in part by their affiliation with the F-actin cytoskeleton. The cytoskeleton in turn is influenced by Rho family small GTPases such as RhoA, Rac1, and Cdc42, all of which constitute eukaryotic(More)
Changes in epithelial tight junction protein expression and apoptosis increase epithelial permeability in inflammatory bowel diseases. The effect of the probiotic mixture VSL#3 on the epithelial barrier was studied in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. Acute colitis was induced in BALB/c mice (3.5% DSS for 7 days). Mice were treated with(More)
BACKGROUND Single-incision laparoscopic surgery is a development in the field of minimally invasive surgery that is being increasingly used for colorectal procedures. OBJECTIVE We report on the short-term results of single-port laparoscopic ileocolic resection in patients with ileocecal Crohn's disease. DESIGN This investigation is a retrospective(More)
OBJECTIVES Diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in the biliary and pancreatic system in the previously operated patient by conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) are difficult and, depending on the surgical procedure, in many cases unsuccessful. We describe our experience of ERCP performed with a double balloon enteroscope(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) of unknown etiology. Oral absorption studies have shown an increased intestinal permeability for various sugar molecules in patients with IBD and their healthy relatives as a possible pathogenetic factor. However, the various transport pathways through the mucosal barrier(More)
Disruption of epithelial barrier by proinflammatory cytokines such as IFN-γ represents a major pathophysiological consequence of intestinal inflammation. We have previously shown that IFN-γ increases paracellular permeability in model T84 epithelial cells by inducing endocytosis of tight junction (TJ) proteins occludin, JAM-A and claudin-1. The present(More)
Disruption of epithelial barrier by proinflammatory cytokines such as IFN-gamma represents a major pathophysiological consequence of intestinal inflammation. We have previously shown that IFN-gamma increases paracellular permeability in model T84 epithelial cells by inducing endocytosis of tight junction (TJ) proteins occludin, JAM-A, and claudin-1. The(More)
Objective: Metallothioneins (MT) are cytoprotective against the damaging effects of oxygen-derived free radicals. Therefore MT may be involved in defence mechanisms to counter Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).¶Materials: 107 routinely processed tissue samples from 22 patients with CD and 48 patients with UC were tested with the monoclonal(More)