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It is well known that inflammatory conditions of the intestinal mucosa result in compromised barrier function. Inflammation is characterized by an influx into the mucosa of immune cells that influence epithelial function by releasing proinflammatory cytokines such as IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha. Mucosal barrier function is regulated by the epithelial apical(More)
Changes in epithelial tight junction protein expression and apoptosis increase epithelial permeability in inflammatory bowel diseases. The effect of the probiotic mixture VSL#3 on the epithelial barrier was studied in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. Acute colitis was induced in BALB/c mice (3.5% DSS for 7 days). Mice were treated with(More)
Increased epithelial permeability is observed in inflammatory states. However, the mechanism by which inflammatory mediators such as IFN-gamma increase epithelial permeability is unknown. We recently observed that IFN-gamma induces disassembly of tight junctions (TJ); in this study we asked whether such TJ disassembly is mediated by endocytosis of(More)
Epithelial intercellular junctions regulate cell-cell contact and mucosal barrier function. Both tight junctions (TJs) and adherens junctions (AJs) are regulated in part by their affiliation with the F-actin cytoskeleton. The cytoskeleton in turn is influenced by Rho family small GTPases such as RhoA, Rac1, and Cdc42, all of which constitute eukaryotic(More)
BACKGROUND Tight junction (TJ) proteins play a critical role in cellular adhesion, glandular differentiation, and cellular proliferation. The function of these proteins is compromised in a number of intestinal diseases, including ulcerative colitis that has an increased incidence for colorectal carcinoma (CAC). The aim of this study was to determine the(More)
PURPOSE Minimally invasive surgery is increasingly utilized in treatment for refractory or complicated Crohn's disease, and new developments aim at further reducing the abdominal trauma and improving the outcome. This review evaluates current literature about minimally invasive surgery for patients with Crohn's disease, latest advances in single-incision(More)
OBJECTIVES Diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in the biliary and pancreatic system in the previously operated patient by conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) are difficult and, depending on the surgical procedure, in many cases unsuccessful. We describe our experience of ERCP performed with a double balloon enteroscope(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To clarify the intestinal cancer risk in Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS 20 clinical studies (1965-2008) with a total of 40,547 patients with Crohn's disease-associated cancer (CDAC) were included in the meta-analysis ("inverse variance weighted" method). RESULTS The incidence of CDAC in any CD patient was 0.8/1,000 person years duration(More)
We have previously shown that adenosine is formed in the intestinal lumen during active inflammation from neutrophil-derived 5'-AMP. Acting through the adenosine A2b receptor (A2bR), the luminally derived adenosine induces vectorial chloride secretion and a polarized secretion of interleukin-6 to the intestinal lumen. Although some G protein-coupled(More)
PURPOSE Correct diagnosis, surgical treatment, and perioperative management of patients with esophageal carcinoma remain crucial for prognosis within multimodal treatment procedures. This study aims to achieve a consensus regarding current management strategies in esophageal cancer by questioning a panel of experts from the German Advanced Surgical(More)