Honkapohja for helpful comments. Three anonymous referees and the editor of this journal have greatly helped me to improve the paper. The paper draws on chapter 3 of my Ph.D. thesis at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. Errors are mine. Abstract: We study adaptive learning in a monetary overlapping generations model with sticky prices and… (More)
The introductory phase of the European Monetary Union (EMU) ended with the introduction of the euro currency in 2002. We present a review of the experiences with the new monetary union. Using a Taylor rule, we analyze the conduct of monetary policy by the European Central Bank (ECB). The empirical results suggest that the ECB applies similar weights to… (More)
The creation of a monetary union in Europe on 1 January 1999 is undoubtedly one of the largest experiments in macroeconomic and political economy in recent history. It was the culmination of the so-called 'Maastricht Process' designed to achieve convergence of macro economic policies and developments, which had shaped monetary and fiscal policies in the… (More)
PURPOSE Crystallin β-b2 (crybb2) is known to support the regeneration of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons in culture. We investigated whether neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) overexpressing crybb2 (crybb2-NPC) affect secondary retinal degeneration due to optic nerve crush in vivo. METHODS NPCS were produced by dissociation and propagation of rat… (More)
The purpose of the study was to further scrutinize the potential of βB2-crystallin in supporting regeneration of injured retinal ganglion cell axons both in vitro and in vivo. Retinal explants obtained from animals after treatment either with lens injury (LI) alone or with combined LI 5 days or 3 days before or simultaneously with an optic nerve crush (ONC)… (More)
In his book The Cash Nexus, historian Niall Ferguson felt it necessary to argue against the view that it is entirely economic forces that have shaped the history and current state of societies around the world. While we would not take the extreme view that only economic factors are important in understanding history, it is certainly true that economic… (More)
The introductory phase of the European Monetary Union ended with the emission of euro currency in 2002. We present a review of the experiences with the new monetary union. Using a Taylor-rule, we analyze the ECB's conduct of monetary policy. The empirical results suggests that the ECB applies similar weights to inflation and the output gap as the Bundesbank… (More)
OMAR (Oriental Manuscript Resource)  is a database which provides extensive search facilities for oriental manuscripts. It is currently based on the collections of the Oriental Seminar at the University of Freiburg which comprise about 2.500 manuscripts. These are stored as images.