Learn More
Antibodies that stimulate the immune system by targeting inhibitory T cell receptors were successfully introduced into oncological practice and are capable to overcome tumor-induced immune evasion. In particular, targeting of the inhibitory receptors CTLA-4 and PD-1 or its ligand PD-L1 have been shown to be beneficial for patients with melanoma, renal cell(More)
BACKGROUND Lower birthweight is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. We hypothesized that inflammation and body fat may be potential mediators for these inverse relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS Healthy adults aged 25-41 years were enrolled in a prospective population-based cohort study in the Principality of(More)
BACKGROUND The role of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy vs tachycardia-related short diastolic filling period and reduced atrial contraction in decline of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in atrial fibrillation (AF) is uncertain. We aimed to characterize left heart changes over time in patients with AF who undergo electrical cardioversion (ECV).(More)
PURPOSE The aim was to test the feasibility of protocol-driven fluid removal with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in patients in whom standard fluid balance prescription did not result in substantial negative fluid balances. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 10 mechanically ventilated patients with sepsis or signs of inflammation and acute kidney(More)
OBJECTIVES Endothelial dysfunction is a major precursor of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess the interrelationships between plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels and cardiovascular risk among young and healthy individuals. METHODS We performed a population-based study among 2160 healthy adults aged between 25 and 41 years in the(More)
This study describes the occurrence of fibrocartilaginous embolism of the spinal cord (FCE) in eight juvenile Irish Wolfhounds that were presented within a period of 16 months (1996-1997). The dogs, seven males and one female between eight and 13 weeks of age, were presented because of an acute onset of abnormal locomotion. Five dogs were euthanized and FCE(More)
Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are highly correlated, but the underlying mechanisms are only partly understood. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate the relationships between plasma levels of glucagon-like peptide-1, a key factor in the regulation of glucose homeostasis, and various blood pressure indices. Healthy adults aged 25 to 41(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of cardiac troponin (cTn) levels with conventional and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in young and healthy adults. METHODS We performed a population based cross-sectional analysis among 2,072 young and healthy adults aged 25-41 years free of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus.(More)
INTRODUCTION Left atrial (LA) enlargement is an important risk factor for incident stroke and a key determinant for the success of rhythm control strategies in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, factors associated with LA volume in AF patients remain poorly understood. METHODS Patients with paroxysmal or persistent AF were enrolled in this(More)