Matthew von Tersch

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Quantitative cloning efficiencies for B. megaterium, B. subtilis, and E. coli were compared. Transformation of B. megaterium is less efficient than transformation of B. subtilis or E. coli. The frequency of recombinant clones was equal in E. coli and B. megaterium; both somewhat higher than in B. subtilis. Equivalent average insert sizes were found in B.(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis toxin CryIIIB2 exhibits activity against two agriculturally important pests, the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, and the Southern corn rootworm, Diabrotica undecimpunctata. CryIIIB2 shows significant structural similarity to Colorado potato beetle-active toxin CryIIIA, whose crystal structure has been determined(More)
Genes encoding insecticidal crystal proteins were cloned from three strains of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kenyae and two strains of B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki. Characterization of the B. thuringiensis subsp. kenyae toxin genes showed that they are most closely related to cryIA(c) from B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki. The cloned genes were(More)
Megacins A-216 and A-19213 in Bacillus megaterium are plasmid encoded, as shown by analysis of cured, non-megacinogenic (Meg-) derivatives of strains 216 and ATCC 19213 and by polyethylene glycol-mediated protoplast transformation of Meg- bacteria with plasmid DNA. The results of both techniques implicated a 31-megadalton plasmid, pBM309, in megacin A-216(More)
A bacteriocin produced by Bacillus megaterium ATCC 19213 was identified, purified, and compared with megacin A from B. megaterium 216. The ATCC 19213 bacteriocin was inducible with mitomycin C and showed phospholipase A activity. Both megacin A-216 and megacin A-19213 contained two dissimilar polypeptide subunits. Megacin A-216 contains a 30,000-dalton(More)
In migratory animals, protandry (earlier arrival of males on the breeding grounds) prevails over protogyny (females preceding males). In theory, sex differences in timing of arrival should be driven by the operational sex ratio, shifting toward protogyny in female-biased populations. However, empirical support for this hypothesis is, to date, lacking. To(More)
A host-vector system was developed for molecular cloning in Bacillus megaterium and used to clone the structural and immunity genes for megacins A-216 and A-19213. Recombinant clones that expressed immunity only or both immunity to and production of each megacin were obtained. Restriction mapping of native megacinogenic plasmids and recombinant clones was(More)
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