Matthew Young

Learn More
Inorganic arsenic, a human carcinogen, is enzymatically methylated for detoxication, consuming S-adenosyl-methionine (SAM) in the process. The fact that DNA methyltransferases (MeTases) require this same methyl donor suggests a role for methylation in arsenic carcinogenesis. Here we test the hypothesis that arsenic-induced initiation results from DNA(More)
Activator protein-1 (AP-1) is a transcription factor that consists of either a Jun-Jun homodimer or a Jun-Fos heterodimer. Transactivation of AP-1 is required for tumor promoter-induced transformation in mouse epidermal JB6 cells and for progression in mouse and human keratinocytes. Until now, the question of whether AP-1 transactivation is required for(More)
The JB6 mouse epidermal cell system, which includes tumor promotion-sensitive (P+) and tumor promotion-resistant (P-) cells, is a well-established and extensively used cell culture model for studying the mechanism of late-stage tumor promotion. Tumor promoters, such as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) or epidermal growth factor (EGF), induce high(More)
The Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat strain is a putative genetic model of comorbid depression and anxiety. Previous research showing increased kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) gene expression in the brains of WKY rats, combined with studies implicating the KOR in animal models of depression and anxiety, suggests that alterations in the KOR system could have a role in the(More)
Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during metabolic conversion of molecular oxygen imposes a constant threat to aerobic organisms. Other than the cytotoxic effects, many ROS and oxidants are also potent tumor promoters linking oxidative stress to carcinogenesis. Clonal variants of mouse epidermal JB6 cells originally identified for their(More)
There are still many unanswered questions regarding the processes by which extracellular signals are transduced from plasma-membrane receptors to the transcription machinery in the nucleus and the translation machinery in the cytoplasm. Some of these gene expression events become misregulated as a result of environmental or endogenous exposure to agents(More)
The weak base ammonium chloride has been previously reported to inhibit lysosomal movements and phagosome-lysosome (Ph-L) fusion in cultured mouse macrophages (M phi), thus reducing delivery, to an intraphagosomal infection, of endocytosed solutes that have concentrated in secondary lysosomes. We have now addressed the question, whether NH4Cl might affect(More)
Okadaic acid (OA) is a prototypical non-phorbol ester skin tumor-promoting agent that works by inhibiting protein phosphatases, leading to an increase in protein phosphorylation. Increased protein phosphorylation can lead to stimulated signaling through various signal transduction pathways. One or more of the pathways affected by OA leads to increased(More)
Active genes in yeast can be targeted to the nuclear periphery through interaction of cis-acting "DNA zip codes" with the nuclear pore complex. We find that genes with identical zip codes cluster together. This clustering was specific; pairs of genes that were targeted to the nuclear periphery by different zip codes did not cluster together. Insertion of(More)