Matthew Whiteman

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Phytochemical-rich foods have been shown to be effective at reversing age-related deficits in memory in both animals and humans. We show that a supplementation with a blueberry diet (2% w/w) for 12 weeks improves the performance of aged animals in spatial working memory tasks. This improvement emerged within 3 weeks and persisted for the remainder of the(More)
Although inhibition of the ubiquitin proteasome system has been postulated to play a key role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, studies have also shown that proteasome inhibition can induce increased expression of neuroprotective heat-shock proteins (HSPs). The global gene expression of primary neurons in response to treatment with the(More)
A decrease in reduced glutathione levels in dopamine containing nigral cells in Parkinson's disease may result from the formation of cysteinyl-adducts of catecholamines, which in turn exert toxicity on nigral cells. We show that exposure of neurons (CSM 14.1) to 5-S-cysteinyl conjugates of dopamine, L-DOPA, DOPAC or DHMA causes neuronal damage, increases in(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a well-known cytotoxic gas. Recently it has been shown to stimulate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors to enhance long-term potentiation suggesting a novel neuromodulatory role in vivo. Endogenous levels of H2S in the brain are reported to range between 10 and 160 microm. Considerably lower H2S levels are reported in the brains(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a cytotoxic gas recently proposed as a novel neuromodulator. Endogenous levels of H(2)S in the brain range between 50 and 160 microM and perturbed H(2)S synthesis has been reported in the brains from stroke, Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome patients. Recently, in immature non-glutamate receptor expressing mouse cortical(More)
Findings that antioxidant treatment may be beneficial in Alzheimer's disease indicate that oxidative stress is an important factor in its pathogenesis. Studies have also suggested that cholesterol imbalance in the brain might be related to the development of neurological disorders. Previously, we have reported that U18666A, a cholesterol(More)
Nitric oxide is implicated in the pathogenesis of various neuropathologies characterized by oxidative stress. Although nitric oxide has been reported to be involved in the exacerbation of oxidative stress observed in several neuropathologies, existent data fail to provide a holistic description of how nitrergic pathobiology elicits neuronal injury. Here we(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a well known and pungent toxic gas that has recently been shown to be synthesised in man from the amino acids cystathionine, homocysteine and cysteine by at least two distinct enzymes; cystathionine-gamma-lyase and cystathionine-beta-synthase. In the past few years, H(2)S has emerged as a novel and increasingly important mediator(More)
3-Chlorotyrosine, a bio-marker of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in vivo, was reported to be substantially elevated in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Thus, HOCl might be implicated in the development of AD. However, its effect and mechanism on neuronal cell death have not been investigated. Here, we report for the first time that HOCl treatment induces an(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) has recently been proposed as an endogenous mediator of inflammation and is present in human synovial fluid. This study determined whether primary human articular chondrocytes (HACs) and mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) could synthesize H(2)S in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines relevant to human arthropathies, and to(More)