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Free radicals and other reactive species (RS) are thought to play an important role in many human diseases. Establishing their precise role requires the ability to measure them and the oxidative damage that they cause. This article first reviews what is meant by the terms free radical, RS, antioxidant, oxidative damage and oxidative stress. It then(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is synthesized in the body from L-cysteine by several enzymes including cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CSE). To date, there is little information about the potential role of H2S in inflammation. We have now investigated the part played by H2S in endotoxin-induced inflammation in the mouse. E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration(More)
Effects of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) on plant physiology have been previously studied, but such studies have relied on the use of NaSH as a method for supplying H(2)S to tissues. Now new compounds which give a less severe H(2)S shock and a more prolonged exposure to H(2)S have been developed. Here the effects of one such compound, GYY4137, has been(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) has traditionally been thought of as a phytotoxin, having deleterious effects on the plant growth and survival. It is now recognized that plants have enzymes which generate H₂S, cysteine desulfhydrase, and remove it, O-acetylserine lyase. Therefore, it has been suggested that H₂S is considered as a signalling molecule, alongside small(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been postulated to be the third gasotransmitter, and along with other reactive compounds such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) it is thought to be a key signalling molecule. Enzymes which generate H2S, and remove it, have been characterised in both plants and animals and although it is inherently toxic to(More)
BACKGROUND Intermittent claudication is associated with a poor prognosis, but less is known of the risks associated with asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence and natural history of claudication, and the incidence of cardiovascular events in symptomatic and asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease.(More)
BACKGROUND The potential biological significance of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) has attracted growing interest in recent years. The aim of this study was to characterize a novel, water-soluble, slow-releasing H(2)S compound [morpholin-4-ium 4 methoxyphenyl(morpholino) phosphinodithioate (GYY4137)] and evaluate its use as a tool to investigate the(More)
Recently, intense interest has focused on the antioxidant properties of natural products. In particular, Chinese herbal medicines (CHM) have become hot topics for life science researchers since many are reported to possess cardioprotective compounds, many of which remain to be identified. Indeed, the exact mechanisms by which CHM work remain unknown.(More)
8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8OHdG) is a widely used biomarker for the measurement of endogenous oxidative DNA damage. A sensitive method for the quantification of 8OHdG in urine by single solid-phase extraction and GC-MS (gas chromatography with MS detection) using selective ion monitoring is described in the present study. After solid-phase extraction,(More)
Glutathione (GSH) depletion adversely affects the survival of organ grafts. Supplementation of commercial organ preservation solutions with GSH is complicated by the ease of oxidation of its thiol group and its ability to act as a pro-oxidant under certain conditions. Alternative sulphur-containing compounds such as S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) can reduce(More)