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From Frontier Policy to Foreign Policy: The Question of India and the Transformation of Geopolitics in Qing China
Between the mid-eighteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries, Qing rulers, officials, and scholars fused diverse, fragmented perceptions of foreign territory into one integrated worldview. In the sameExpand
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The Qing State and Its Awareness of Eurasian Interconnections, 1789–1806
This article examines the response of the Qing state to two instances in its foreign relations that required long-distance coordination between overland and maritime frontiers: the implementation ofExpand
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China and the Asian World, 1500–1900
On Manzi: An Introduction
In the Dayi juemi lu 大義覺迷錄, the Yongzheng emperor claims that several terms used in early texts to refer to nonChinese peoples were simply neutral descriptors of their geographic origins. Only inExpand
Hindustan as a Geographic and Political Concept in Qing Sources, 1700–1800
This article examines Chinese and Manchu-language sources on Sino-Indian contact during the 18th century, concentrating on those—chiefly produced on the basis of intelligence arriving viaExpand