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AIMS The Nocturnal Bladder Capacity Index (NBCi) has been reported to be useful in distinguishing between nocturia caused by low bladder capacity and nocturnal polyuria. This paper aims to calculate reference values for NBCi from an asymptomatic population by comparing these with NBCi values from patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) to obtain(More)
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS Evidence suggests that OAB (overactive bladder) can occur alongside disorders of the colon, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Moreover, patients with constipation are more likely to develop OAB symptoms than those without. Anticholinergic medications (AcH) are commonly used for treating OAB, and can result in the unwanted(More)
The innate signaling pathways for Th2 immunity activated by inhaled antigens are not well defined. We previously identified Dectin-2 as a receptor for glycans in allergen extracts from the house dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae (Df) that mediates cysteinyl leukotriene (cys-LT) generation from pulmonary CD11c+ cells and from GM-CSF-cultured bone marrow(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the clinical usefulness of adjusting reference volume per void values for a recently reported strong tendency for volume per void to increase with increasing 24-hour volume in asymptomatic individuals. Our approach was to 1) test whether the adjustment increases the separation between volume per void measurements in patients with(More)
AIMS Our aims were: (1) to describe and compare frequency-volume and incontinence episode patterns in patients with urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) and detrusor overactivity (DO) as measured by a hand-written and computer-analyzed bladder diary and (2) to compare degree of separation between these clinical groups produced by raw diary measurements and(More)
AIMS Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the commonest autosomal recessive disorder in Caucasians. With advancing medical technology, the life expectancy has more than double in the last twenty years. This has led to new unforeseen health problems like urinary incontinence. The aim was to establish the prevalence, symptomatic typology, and quality of life impact of(More)
INTRODUCTION Chest pain is a common complaint in the pediatric age group and can be a physically and emotionally distressing symptom. Although chest pain in children rarely indicates serious cardiac problems, chest pain is perceived as "heart pain" to most children and their families and presents a diagnostic challenge to health care providers. METHODS A(More)
The myeloid C-type lectin receptor Dectin-2 directs the generation of Th2 and Th17 immune responses to the house dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae through the generation of cysteinyl leukotrienes and proinflammatory cytokines, respectively, but a role for Dectin-2 in effector phase responses has not been described. In this study, we demonstrate that(More)
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS This study is a retrospective modelling of early intervention for voiding difficulties (VD) after retropubic tape insertion. METHODS Chart review assessing Trial Without Catheter (TWOC) on day 2 and day 9 and long-term VD. Number needed to treat (NNT) analysis performed for presumed intervention on days 2 and 9. RESULTS(More)
Little is known about the effects of blast exposure on the human brain in the absence of head impact. Clinical reports, experimental animal studies, and computational modeling of blast exposure have suggested effects on the cerebellum and brainstem. In US military personnel with isolated, primary blast-related 'mild' traumatic brain injury and no other(More)