Matthew W. Kellinger

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Although the roles of 5-methylcytosine and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in epigenetic regulation of gene expression are well established, the functional effects of 5-formylcytosine and 5-carboxylcytosine on the process of transcription are not clear. Here we report a systematic study of the effects of five different forms of cytosine in DNA on mammalian and(More)
Single turnover studies on HIV reverse transcriptase suggest that nucleoside analogs bind more tightly to the enzyme than normal substrates, contrary to rational structural predictions. Here we resolve these controversies by monitoring the kinetics of nucleotide-induced changes in enzyme structure. We show that the specificity constant for incorporation of(More)
Transcription inhibition by platinum anticancer drugs is an important component of their mechanism of action. Phenanthriplatin, a cisplatin derivative containing phenanthridine in place of one of the chloride ligands, forms highly potent monofunctional adducts on DNA having a structure and spectrum of anticancer activity distinct from those of the parent(More)
Single turnover kinetic studies were conducted using fluorescently labeled HIV reverse transcriptase (RT) to evaluate the role of nucleotide-induced changes in enzyme structure in the selectivity against AZT in order to explore why AZT-resistant forms of the enzyme fail to significantly discriminate against AZT. Fluorescent labeling of HIV RT provided a(More)
Maintaining high transcriptional fidelity is essential to life. For all eukaryotic organisms, RNA polymerase II (Pol II) is responsible for messenger RNA synthesis from the DNA template. Three key checkpoint steps are important in controlling Pol II transcriptional fidelity: nucleotide selection and incorporation, RNA transcript extension, and proofreading.(More)
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has transformed genomic research by decreasing the cost of sequencing. However, whole-genome sequencing is still costly and complex for diagnostics purposes. In the clinical space, targeted sequencing has the advantage of allowing researchers to focus on specific genes of interest. Routine clinical use of targeted NGS(More)
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