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Binding proteins for insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) IGF-I and IGF-II, known as IGFBPs, control the distribution, function and activity of IGFs in various cell tissues and body fluids. Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-5 (IGFBP-5) is known to modulate the stimulatory effects of IGFs and is the major IGF-binding protein in bone tissue. We have(More)
The P2X₇ receptor is an ATP-gated cation channel expressed by a number of cell types, including osteoblasts. Genetically modified mice with loss of P2X₇ function exhibit altered bone formation. Moreover, activation of P2X₇ in vitro stimulates osteoblast differentiation and matrix mineralization, although the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Because(More)
Mechanotransduction refers to the mechanisms by which cells sense and respond to local loads and forces. The process of mechanotransduction plays an important role both in maintaining tissue viability and in remodeling to repair damage; moreover, it may be involved in the initiation and progression of diseases such as osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. An(More)
Nucleotides released from cells in response to mechanical stimulation or injury may serve as paracrine regulators of bone cell function. Extracellular nucleotides bind to multiple subtypes of P2 receptors on osteoblasts (the cells responsible for bone formation) and osteoclasts (cells with the unique ability to resorb mineralized tissues). Both cell(More)
Systematic ligand-binding studies of the biospecific interaction between steroids and antisteroid antibodies can be performed in real time using biosensor techniques. In this study, quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor systems were applied. Different biotinylated testosterone (T) and 17beta-estradiol (E2)(More)
The primordial intercellular signaling molecule ATP acts through two families of cell-surface P2 receptors - the P2Y family of G-protein-coupled receptors and the P2X family of ligand-gated cation channels. Multiple P2 receptors are expressed in a variety of cell types. However, the significance of these networks of receptors in any biological system(More)
The P2X7 receptor is an ATP-gated cation channel expressed by a number of cell types. We have shown previously that disruption of P2X7 receptor function results in downregulation of osteogenic markers and upregulation of adipogenic markers in calvarial cell cultures. In the present study, we assessed whether loss of P2X7 receptor function results in changes(More)
In osteo- and rheumatoid arthritis, the synovial fluid surrounding chondrocytes contains increased levels of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), an agent known to elevate intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP). However, the effect of PGE(2)/cAMP on mRNA expression in chondrocytes is largely unknown. In this report, we assess the effect of the cell-permeable cAMP analog(More)
The liver-derived inhibitory protein (LIP), described by us in 1974 (1), has now been purified and biochemically characterized. LIP was purified 166-fold from liver extract (LE) by a combination of gel filtration and ion exchange chromatography, using AcA 44, DEAE-cellulose, hydroxylapatite and Sephadex G-150 superfine. The m.w. of purified LIP was(More)
Extracellular ATP acts on the P2X family of ligand-gated ion channels and several members of the P2Y family of G protein-coupled receptors to mediate intercellular communication among many cell types including bone-forming osteoblasts. It is known that multiple P2 receptors are expressed on osteoblasts (P2X2,5,6,7 and P2Y1,2,4,6). In the current study, we(More)