Matthew V. Sennitt

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Recent studies suggest that thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue has an important role in the regulation of energy balance. Thermogenesis is effected by noradrenaline released from sympathetic nerve endings; the noradrenaline stimulates beta-adrenoceptors, causing lipolysis, and the released fatty acids then promote the uncoupling of oxidative(More)
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether administration of leptin to rats during pregnancy and lactation affects placental 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11β-HSD2) activity and the susceptibility of their offspring to weight gain and insulin resistance.DESIGN: Pregnant rats fed on a low-protein diet were administered leptin or saline by subcutaneous minipump(More)
A number of two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) reference maps from mouse samples have been established and could be accessed through the internet. An up-to-date list can be found in WORLD-2D PAGE (http://www.expasy.ch/ch2d/2d- index.html), an index of 2-DE databases and services. None of them were established from mouse white and brown adipose tissues,(More)
Studies in rodents and some studies in humans have shown that conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), especially its trans-10, cis-12 isomer, reduces body fat content. However, some but not all studies in mice and humans (though none in rats) have found that CLA promotes insulin resistance. The molecular mechanisms responsible for these effects are unclear, and(More)
EC50 and relative intrinsic activity values were obtained for isoprenaline, fenoterol, salbutamol, prenalterol and three new beta-adrenoceptor agonists, BRL 28410, BRL 35113 and BRL 35135 on rat white adipocyte lipolysis, rat atrial rate and tension, rat uterus tension and guinea-pig tracheal tension. Fenoterol and salbutamol were selective for tracheal and(More)
The insulin sensitizer drug, rosiglitazone, has been shown to have a protective effect on pancreatic islet cell structure and function in animal models of type 2 diabetes. The identification of new molecular targets associated both with islet cell dysfunction and protection is a crucial research goal. In the present study, a proteomics approach has been(More)
The stimulation by BRL 37344 of lipolysis in rat adipose tissues, and of relaxation of the rat distal colon, is mediated by the beta-3 adrenoceptor. The stereochemical requirements of the beta-3 adrenoceptor are poorly understood. The activities of the four stereoisomers of BRL 37344 (i.e., two pairs of diastereoisomers) on three beta-3(More)
BRL 35135, via its active deesterified metabolite BRL 37344, is a potent example of a new group of beta-adrenoceptor agonists that stimulate selectively a novel beta adrenoceptor that was originally shown to be present in brown adipose tissue in rodents. BRL 35135 produces a dose-related increase in energy expenditure in rodents and, in genetically obese(More)
Agonists for the retinoid X receptor (RXR), the rexinoids, and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), the thiazolidinediones, are effective in the treatment of insulin resistance in rodent models by enhancing insulin action and improving glycemic control. In the present study, we compared the effects of rexinoids and a(More)
The role of beta3- and other putative atypical beta-adrenoceptors in human white adipocytes and right atrial appendage has been investigated using CGP 12177 and novel phenylethanolamine and aryloxypropanolamine beta3-adrenoceptor (beta3AR) agonists with varying intrinsic activities and selectivities for human cloned betaAR subtypes. The ability to(More)