Matthew V. N. O'Sullivan

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BACKGROUND There are concerns about reduced efficacy of vancomycin in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB), especially when the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) nears the upper limit of the susceptible range. METHODS We examined the relationship between antibiotic treatment, 30-day mortality, and microbiologic parameters in a large(More)
A ratio of the vancomycin area under the concentration-time curve to the MIC (AUC/MIC) of ≥ 400 has been associated with clinical success when treating Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia, and this target was recommended by recently published vancomycin therapeutic monitoring consensus guidelines for treating all serious S. aureus infections. Here, vancomycin(More)
BACKGROUND Reduction of mortality associated with bacterial meningitis and postsurgical cerebral ventriculitis is dependent on early diagnosis and institution of appropriate therapy. Metabonomics rapidly defines metabolic profiles of biological fluids through the use of high-throughput analytical techniques combined with statistical pattern recognition(More)
Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection can cause significant morbidity and mortality in neonates. We investigated a nosocomial MRSA outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), using a novel typing method. Following two fatal cases, in May 2011, a prospective outbreak investigation was conducted, involving neonates, mothers and(More)
The global spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a serious problem, particularly in mainland China. In order to better understand the national molecular epidemiology and resistance profiles of hospital-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) in China, a laboratory-based multicenter surveillance study was conducted. Sixty-nine hospitals in 45(More)
Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF beta-1) is a multifunctional growth factor that is expressed in numerous cell types. It has been shown to induce secretion of dentin extracellular matrix components associated with primary dentinogenesis and to play a role in tertiary or reparative dentinogenesis. In this study, we investigated the potential(More)
Successful reduction of malaria transmission to very low levels has made Isabel Province, Solomon Islands, a target for early elimination by 2014. High malaria transmission in neighbouring provinces and the potential for local asymptomatic infections to cause malaria resurgence highlights the need for sub-national tailoring of surveillance interventions.(More)
We undertook this study to assess the accuracy of the clindamycin-erythromycin disk approximation test (D-test) for detection of inducible clindamycin resistance in Staphylococcus spp. One hundred sixty-three Staphylococcus aureus and 68 coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) spp. which were erythromycin nonsusceptible but clindamycin susceptible were(More)
The relatively high-level clonality of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and its frequent high-level endemicity in nosocomial settings complicate the development of methods for rapid subtyping of MRSA strains that are capable of identifying person-to-person transmission in hospitals. Phage-derived open reading frame (PDORF) typing is an(More)
Delusional infestation remains a debilitating condition that is therapeutically challenging for clinicians. This case series identifies 23 patients with delusional infestation in an Australian setting. The majority of patients are women and unlikely to have a psychiatric comorbid background. The use of unnecessary anti-parasitic medication is prevalent.