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BACKGROUND There are concerns about reduced efficacy of vancomycin in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB), especially when the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) nears the upper limit of the susceptible range. METHODS We examined the relationship between antibiotic treatment, 30-day mortality, and microbiologic parameters in a large(More)
Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection can cause significant morbidity and mortality in neonates. We investigated a nosocomial MRSA outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), using a novel typing method. Following two fatal cases, in May 2011, a prospective outbreak investigation was conducted, involving neonates, mothers and(More)
Human enteroviruses evolve quickly. The 5' untranslated region (UTR) is fundamentally important for efficient viral replication and for virulence; the VP1 region correlates well with antigenic typing by neutralization, and can be used for virus identification and evolutionary studies. In order to investigate the molecular diversity in EV-B species, the 5'(More)
BACKGROUND Reduction of mortality associated with bacterial meningitis and postsurgical cerebral ventriculitis is dependent on early diagnosis and institution of appropriate therapy. Metabonomics rapidly defines metabolic profiles of biological fluids through the use of high-throughput analytical techniques combined with statistical pattern recognition(More)
The Solomon Islands National Malaria Programme is currently focused on intensified control and progressive elimination. Recent control efforts in Isabel Province have reduced their malaria incidence to 2.6/1,000 population in 2009 [1] whereas most neighbouring provinces have much higher incidences. A malaria surveillance-response system that involves(More)
Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF beta-1) is a multifunctional growth factor that is expressed in numerous cell types. It has been shown to induce secretion of dentin extracellular matrix components associated with primary dentinogenesis and to play a role in tertiary or reparative dentinogenesis. In this study, we investigated the potential(More)
A ratio of the vancomycin area under the concentration-time curve to the MIC (AUC/MIC) of ≥ 400 has been associated with clinical success when treating Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia, and this target was recommended by recently published vancomycin therapeutic monitoring consensus guidelines for treating all serious S. aureus infections. Here, vancomycin(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro laboratory and animal studies demonstrate a synergistic role for the combination of vancomycin and antistaphylococcal β-lactams for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia. Prospective clinical data are lacking. METHODS In this open-label, multicenter, clinical trial, adults with MRSA bacteremia received(More)
Histoplasmosis is a rare but serious fungal infection commonly presenting as mucosal ulceration of the oral cavity. It is increasingly recognized in Australia but the source of infection remains obscure and it is likely to be under-diagnosed. We report a case of chronic mucosal ulceration which failed to fully respond to periodontal therapy. Histology and(More)
While most patients with cryptococcosis have obvious cellular immune deficiency, a minority have no apparent predisposing factors. However, in the latter there may be subtle innate immune system deficiencies which go unrecognized. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) deficiency is associated with increased susceptibility to infectious diseases and may predispose to(More)