Matthew Tighe

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This article provides a critical review of the environmental chemistry of inorganic antimony (Sb) in soils, comparing and contrasting findings with those of arsenic (As). Characteristics of the Sb soil system are reviewed, with an emphasis on speciation, sorption and phase associations, identifying differences between Sb and As behaviour. Knowledge gaps in(More)
Studies of facilitative interactions as drivers of plant richness along environmental gradients often assume the existence of an overarching stress gradient equally affecting the performance of all the species in a given community. However, co-existing species differ in their ecophysiological adaptations, and do not experience the same stress level under(More)
Experiments suggest that biodiversity enhances the ability of ecosystems to maintain multiple functions, such as carbon storage, productivity, and the buildup of nutrient pools (multifunctionality). However, the relationship between biodiversity and multifunctionality has never been assessed globally in natural ecosystems. We report here on a global(More)
One key constraint to further understanding plant root development is the inability to observe root growth in situ due to the opaque nature of soil. Of the present non-destructive techniques, computed tomography (CT) is best able to capture the complexities of the edaphic environment. This study compared the accuracy and impact of X-ray CT measurement of in(More)
The biogeochemical cycles of carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) are interlinked by primary production, respiration and decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems. It has been suggested that the C, N and P cycles could become uncoupled under rapid climate change because of the different degrees of control exerted on the supply of these elements by(More)
Moderate levels of enrichment with environmental contaminants, such as arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb), have received less attention than gross contamination related to obvious point sources of pollution. Within the Macleay floodplain of north-eastern NSW it was found that approximately 90% of the floodplain is enriched in As and Sb, and 6-8% of the(More)
Despite the recognised importance of root architecture to plant productivity, our ability to easily observe and quantify root responses to stresses in soil at appropriate mechanistic resolution, remains poor. In this study we examine the impact of P bands on root architecture in heterogeneous soil, trialling a rapid non-destructive analysis technique. We(More)
Calcium phosphate (CaP) minerals may comprise the main phosphorus (P) reserve in alkaline soils, with solubility dependent on pH and the concentration of Ca and/or P in solution. Combining several techniques in a novel way, we studied these phenomena by progressively depleting P from suspensions of two soils (low P) using an anion-exchange membrane (AEM)(More)
Antimony (Sb) emissions to the environment are increasing, and there is a dearth of knowledge regarding Sb fate and behaviour in natural systems. In particular, there is a lack of understanding of sorption of the oxidised Sb(V) species onto soils and soil phases. In this study sorption of Sb(V) by two organic rich soils with high levels of oxalate(More)
A tiered approach to contamination exposure assessment is currently adopted in many countries. Increasing the site-specific information in exposure assessments is generally recommended when guideline values for contaminants in soil are exceeded. This work details a Bayesian Network (BN) approach to developing a site-specific environmental exposure(More)