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Using ambulatory methods for 1 week of monitoring, this study investigated the association between smoking and situational cues in 22 smokers with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 23 smokers without PTSD. Generalized estimating equations contrasted 1,759 smoking and 1,088 nonsmoking situations by group status controlling for multiple covariates.(More)
Military veterans are at high risk for nicotine dependence. This clinical demonstration project used invitational letters, referral to the National Cancer Institute's Smoking Quitline, and local Veteran Affairs prescriptions for tobacco cessation to evaluate whether this low-cost method would potentially reduce smoking in separated veterans who served in(More)
The ubiquity of Online Social Networks (OSNs) is creating new sources for healthcare information, particularly in the context of pharmaceutical drugs. We aimed to examine the impact of a given OSN's characteristics on the content of pharmaceutical drug discussions from that OSN. We compared the effect of four distinguishing characteristics from ten(More)
In the United States, about 600,000 people die of heart disease every year. The annual cost of care services, medications, and lost productivity reportedly exceeds 108.9 billion dollars. Effective disease risk assessment is critical to prevention, care, and treatment planning. Recent advancements in text analytics have opened up new possibilities of using(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder has been associated with poor physical health. Depression is also associated with poor health, and may be responsible for the apparent relationship between PTSD and health outcomes. The current study examined self-reported and physician diagnosed medical morbidity in women. Women with PTSD alone were compared to three other(More)
BACKGROUND The rapid spread of Web-based social media in recent years has impacted how patients share health-related information. However, little work has studied the demographics of these users. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to study the demographics of users who participate in health-related Web-based social outlets to identify possible links to health care(More)
BACKGROUND There has been a recent growth in health provider search portals, where patients specify filters-such as specialty or insurance-and providers are ranked by patient ratings or other attributes. Previous work has identified attributes associated with a provider's quality through user surveys. Other work supports that intuitive quality-indicating(More)
Recently, there is increased interest in searching and computing the similarity between Electronic Medical Records (EMRs). A unique characteristic of EMRs is that they consist of ontological concepts derived from biomedical ontologies such as UMLS or SNOMED-CT. Medical researchers have found that it is effective to search and find similar EMRs using their(More)
Item (e.g., product) reviews are one of the most popular types of user-generated content in Web 2.0. Reviews have been effectively used in collaborative filtering to recommend products to users based on similar users, and also to compute a product's star rating. However, little work has studied how reviews can be used to perform query-specific ranking of(More)