Matthew T Trivett

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The development of cervical cancer and its precursors are linked to persistent infection with oncogenic types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Host immune responses seem to be determinants of risk for this disease. However, little is known about the immunologic determinants of HPV persistence. Here, we examined the association between lymphoproliferative(More)
Although the study of non-human primates has resulted in important advances for understanding HIV-specific immunity, a clear correlate of immune control over simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) replication has not been found to date. In this study, CD8(+) T-cell cytotoxic capacity was examined to determine whether this function is a correlate of immune(More)
T cell lines and clones play a key role in basic studies of cellular immunology, and are also finding applications in adoptive immunotherapy. However, with proliferative expansion, T cells ultimately undergo cellular senescence and death, so that long-term culture of T cell clones is difficult to achieve. Expression of telomerase reverse transcriptase(More)
Despite multiple lines of evidence suggesting their involvement, the precise role of CD8(+) T cells in controlling HIV replication remains unclear. To determine whether CD8(+) T cells can limit retroviral replication in the absence of other immune responses, we transferred 1-13 x 10(9) allogeneic in vitro expanded SIV-specific CD8(+) T cell clones matched(More)
CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses play an important role in controlling the replication of primate lentiviruses. Induction of these responses is a key objective for most current AIDS vaccine approaches. Despite a variety of approaches for measuring properties and activities of CTL, the functions responsible for controlling viral replication in(More)
Studies using transformed human cell lines suggest that most SIV strains use CCR5 as co-receptor. Our analysis of primary rhesus macaque CD4(+) T-cell clones revealed marked differences in susceptibility to SIV(mac)239 infection. We investigated whether different levels of CCR5 expression account for clonal differences in SIV(mac)239 susceptibility. Macaque(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes 12 pre-microRNAs that can produce 25 KSHV mature microRNAs. We previously reported single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in KSHV-encoded pre-microRNA and mature microRNA sequences from clinical samples (V. Marshall et al., J. Infect. Dis., 195:645-659, 2007). To determine whether microRNA SNPs affect(More)
Human papillomavirus-like particles (HPV VLP) are candidate vaccines that have shown to be efficacious in reducing infection and inducing robust antiviral immunity. Neutralizing antibodies generated by vaccination are largely type-specific, but little is known about the type-specificity of cellular immune responses to VLP vaccination. To determine whether(More)
Naïve Indian rhesus macaques were immunized with a mixture of optimized plasmid DNAs expressing several SIV antigens using in vivo electroporation via the intramuscular route. The animals were monitored for the development of SIV-specific systemic (blood) and mucosal (bronchoalveolar lavage) cellular and humoral immune responses. The immune responses were(More)
AIDS virus infections are rarely controlled by cell-mediated immunity, in part due to viral immune evasion and immunodeficiency resulting from CD4+ T-cell infection. One likely aspect of this failure is that antiviral cellular immune responses are either absent or present at low levels during the initial establishment of infection. To test whether an(More)