Matthew Summers

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BACKGROUND Cognitive impairment is common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and adds significantly to the burden of the disease. The ability to predict future cognitive impairment from imaging obtained at disease onset has not been investigated. METHODS 62 patients imaged within 3 months of a clinically isolated syndrome were assessed neuropsychologically 7(More)
SH-SY5Y is a thrice cloned cell line originally derived from the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-SH. It grows well in serum-containing medium and undergoes neuritogenesis in response to several trophic factors. Because it has been reported that this clonal line does not have receptors for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), it has been unclear what(More)
The mainstreaming of psychiatric services within the general healthcare system has created fundamental changes to the manner in which patients access acute psychiatric services. This change was intended to reduce the stigma associated with psychiatric diagnosis and therefore contribute to improved treatment outcomes for patients. The aim of this paper is to(More)
OBJECTIVE Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) have additive insulinotropic effects when coadministered in health. We aimed to determine whether GIP confers additional glucose lowering to that of GLP-1 in the critically ill. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty mechanically ventilated critically ill patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) attenuates the glycaemic response to small intestinal nutrient infusion in stress-induced hyperglycaemia and reduces fasting glucose concentrations in critically ill patients with type-2 diabetes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of acute administration of GLP-1 on the glycaemic response to(More)
The aim of our research is to understand and automate the mechanisms by which language can emerge among artificial, knowledge-based and rational agents. We want to design and implement agents that, upon encountering other agent(s) with which they do not share an agent communication language, are able to initiate creation of, and further are able to evolve(More)
INTRODUCTION In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether fasting plasma citrulline concentration predicts subsequent glucose absorption in critically ill patients. METHODS In a prospective observational study involving 15 healthy and 20 critically ill subjects, fasting plasma citrulline concentrations were assayed in blood samples immediately prior to the(More)
  • M Summers, Quinlan, J Payne, K Paired, E Oates
  • 2016
impairment in children and adolescents with neurofibromatosis type 1. The genetic and neuroanatomical basis of social dysfunction: Lessons from neurofibromatosis type 1. 2013 Payne, J. (2013). Autism spectrum disorder symptomatology in children with neurofibromatosis type 1. associate learning in children with neurofibromatosis type 1: implications for(More)
INTRODUCTION Studies in the critically ill that evaluate intragastric and post-pyloric delivery of nutrient have yielded conflicting data. A limitation of these studies is that the influence in the route of feeding on glucose absorption and glycaemia has not been determined. METHODS In 68 mechanically ventilated critically ill patients, liquid nutrient(More)