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A " reference cell " for generating radio-frequency (rf) glow discharges in gases at a frequency of 13.56 MHz is described. The reference cell provides an experimental platform for comparing plasma measurements carried out in a common reactor geometry by different experimental groups, thereby enhancing the transfer of knowledge and insight gained in rf(More)
The objective of this work was to evaluate the dosimetry of tungsten eye shields for use with kilovoltage X-ray beam treatments. The eye shields, originally designed for megavoltage electron beams, were made of 2 mm tungsten thickness and inside diameters of 11.6 and 15.0 mm with optional aluminium caps of 0.5 and 1 mm thickness. The relative dosimetry of(More)
Accumulating evidence from both human and animal studies show that brain is a target of air pollution. Multiple epidemiological studies have now linked components of air pollution to diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a linkage with plausibility based on the shared mechanisms of inflammation. Additional plausibility appears to be provided by(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of treatment area and treatment distance on dose distributions for geometrically optimised surface mould plans in order to provide guidance in choosing treatment parameters and constructing moulds for individual patients. Geometrically optimised plans were generated with a typical brachytherapy planning(More)
Spatially- and temporally-resolved measurements of optical emission intensities are presented from rf discharges in argon over a wide range of pressures (6.7 to 133 Pa) and applied rf voltages (75 to 200 V). Results of measurements of emission intensities are presented for both an atomic transition (Ar I, 750.4 nm) and an ionic transition (Ar II, 434.8 nm).(More)
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