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We conducted two studies with medically hospitalized cancer and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients to assess the reliability and validity of a new measure of delirium severity, the Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS). The first study used multiple raters who jointly administered the MDAS to 33 patients, 17 of whom met DSM III-R/DSM IV(More)
The ability to move over and colonize surface substrata has been linked to the formation of biofilms and to the virulence of some bacterial pathogens. Results from this study show that the gastrointestinal pathogen Yersinia enterocolitica can migrate over and colonize surfaces by swarming motility, a form of cooperative multicellular behavior. Immunoblot(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative endophenotypes are needed to better understand the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. The psychobiological model of temperament and character suggests that personality traits are heritable and regulated by brain systems influencing schizophrenia susceptibility. Thus, measures of temperament and character may serve as(More)
Little has been done to study the effectiveness of antidepressants in controlling anxiety/depression in a population of cancer patients. A double-blind placebo-controlled study was therefore designed to assess the effectiveness of 20 mg fluoxetine. Of 115 cancer patients who fulfilled entry criteria for levels of distress, 45 patients were randomized to a(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this experiment was to investigate mechanisms underlying commonly-observed verbal memory impairments in schizophrenia, and especially the hypothesized encoding deficit. METHODS A verbal memory task was administered to 38 patients with schizophrenia and 38 normal controls. Three functions involved in long-term memory-encoding,(More)
The molecular genetic diagnosis of inherited metabolic disorders is challenging. The diseases are rare, and most show locus heterogeneity. Hence, testing of the genes associated with IMDs is time consuming and often not easily available. We report a resequencing array that allows the simultaneous resequencing of up to 92 genes associated with IMDs. To(More)
The association of p120 catenin (p120) with the juxtamembrane domain (JMD) of the cadherin cytoplasmic tail is critical for the surface stability of cadherin-catenin cell-cell adhesion complexes. Here, we present the crystal structure of p120 isoform 4A in complex with the JMD core region (JMD(core)) of E-cadherin. The p120 armadillo repeat domain contains(More)
A progressive global increase in the burden of allergic diseases has affected the industrialized world over the last half century and has been reported in the literature. The clinical evidence reveals a general increase in both incidence and prevalence of respiratory diseases, such as allergic rhinitis (common hay fever) and asthma. Such phenomena may be(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers are needed that can distinguish between schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder to inform the ongoing debate over the diagnostic boundary between these two disorders. Neuromorphometric abnormalities of the thalamus have been reported in individuals with schizophrenia and linked to core features of the disorder, but have not been(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between depression, psychomotor retardation, and negative symptoms in schizophrenia as well as the specific contribution of each of these factors to memory impairment. BACKGROUND It has been suggested that depression overlaps with negative symptomatology in schizophrenia. The relation(More)