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Positron emission tomography offers the ability to noninvasively assess regional myocardial perfusion in absolute terms (i.e., milliliters per gram per minute). Accurate estimates have been difficult to achieve with generator-produced 82Rb because of the complex behavior of this tracer in the myocardium. The aim of the present study was to determine whether(More)
Copper(II) pyruvaldehyde bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone) ([Cu]PTSM) has shown potential as a flow tracer and can be labeled with the generator-produced positron emitting radionuclide 62Cu as well as with other copper radioisotopes. To define the myocardial handling of [Cu]PTSM, the externally detected single pass extraction and retention of [67Cu]PTSM was(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) centers without cyclotrons use generator-produced rubidium-82 (82Rb) for assessment of myocardial perfusion. The aim of the present study was to determine whether myocardial blood flow could be assessed quantitatively with 82Rb and PET. Because the myocardial extraction fraction of 82Rb varies inversely and nonlinearly(More)
Fluoromisonidazole, a member of a class of compounds referred to as "hypoxic sensitizers," accumulates in hypoxic, viable tumor cells. We hypothesized that it might therefore accumulate also in ischemic, but non-necrotic myocardium potentially salvageable by interventional therapy. To evaluate the myocardial kinetics of [18F]fluoromisonidazole (FM), 20(More)
Essentially all organisms depend upon molybdenum oxidoreductases which require a molybdopterin cofactor for catalytic activity. Mutations resulting in a lack of the cofactor show a pleiotropic loss of molybdoenzyme activities and thereby define genes involved in cofactor biosynthesis or utilization. In prokaryotes, two operons are directly associated with(More)
We recently demonstrated in isolated, perfused hearts that radiolabeled pyruvaldehyde bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazonato)copper(II) (Cu-PTSM) is well extracted throughout a range of conditions including ischemia, hypoxia, and hyperemia. Once extracted, binding of radioactivity by the isolated heart was essentially irreversible, giving this tracer(More)
BACKGROUND Acute thrombosis is thought to contribute to abrupt coronary occlusion during percutaneous coronary revascularization despite the administration of heparin and aspirin. This study was designed to detect the presence of heparin-resistant thrombin activity and to define its relationship to the acute ischemic complications of coronary interventions.(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the positron-emitting fluorine-18 (18F)-labeled fluoromisonidazole is a specific tracer of myocardial hypoxia. Its fractional extraction is enhanced in ischemic or hypoxic myocardium but returns to baseline levels on reperfusion and recovery of normal function. Thus, this agent might be useful in delineating acutely(More)
A new model for analyzing the major effects of the use of any laser angioplasty system is described. Changes in any of the six major determinants of effect (energy, duration, wavelength, medium, absorption, geometry) can be evaluated. In this report a neodymium: yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser was used to make 408 laser exposures in vitro on segments(More)
Internal mammary artery grafts are currently considered the conduits of choice for myocardial revascularization. Comparisons of long-term morphologic changes in internal mammary artery grafts and saphenous vein grafts and correlation with premortem angiography have not been reported. Eighteen internal mammary artery and 15 saphenous vein grafts that had(More)