Matthew S. Olson

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The ectomycorrhizal fungus Tricholoma populinum is host-specific with Populus species. T. populinum has wind-dispersed progagules and may be capable of long-distance dispersal. In this study, we tested the hypothesis of a panmictic population between Scandinavia and North America. DNA sequences from five nuclear loci were used to assess phylogeographic(More)
Foliar fungal communities of plants are diverse and ubiquitous. In grasses endophytes may increase host fitness; in trees, their ecological roles are poorly understood. We investigated whether the genotype of the host tree influences community structure of foliar fungi. We sampled leaves from genotyped balsam poplars from across the species' range, and(More)
BACKGROUND Although rapid changes in copy number and gene order are common within plant mitochondrial genomes, associated patterns of gene transcription are underinvestigated. Previous studies have shown that the gynodioecious plant species Silene vulgaris exhibits high mitochondrial diversity and occasional paternal inheritance of mitochondrial markers.(More)
Chimeric genes are significant sources of evolutionary innovation that are normally created when portions of two or more protein coding regions fuse to form a new open reading frame. In plant mitochondria astonishingly high numbers of different novel chimeric genes have been reported, where they are generated through processes of rearrangement and(More)
Timing of seasonal dormancy is among the most important traits allowing forest tree populations to span latitudinal gradients of temperature and growing season length. We used RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) data to identify gene expression differences between latitude-adapted populations and search for elevated genetic differentiation, a signature of adaptation,(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the muscle activity of the rectus abdominis (RA) and external obliques (EO) with conventional exercises and while using an upright commercial abdominal training device (the CoreMaster). It was hypothesized that the upright device would elicit higher electromyography (EMG) values compared to(More)
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