Matthew S Hanson

Learn More
We have developed a luminol-based assay using intact islets, which allows for quantification of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In addition, an index capable of characterizing metabolic and mitochondrial integrity prior to transplantation was created based on the capacity of islets to respond to high glucose and rotenone (mitochondrial respiratory chain(More)
Most pancreas and islet grafts are recovered from brain-dead (BD) donors. In this study we characterized the early inflammatory response induced by brain death in pancreata and islets from nonhuman primate donors and evaluated the effect of targeted anti-inflammatory intervention in the protection of pancreatic islets prior to transplantation. BD donors(More)
Anaplerosis, the net synthesis in mitochondria of citric acid cycle intermediates, and cataplerosis, their export to the cytosol, have been shown to be important for insulin secretion in rodent beta cells. However, human islets may be different. We observed that the enzyme activity, protein level, and relative mRNA level of the key anaplerotic enzyme(More)
Pro-inflammatory cytokines (PIC) impair islet viability and function by activating inflammatory pathways that induce both necrosis and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to utilize an in vitro rat islet model to evaluate the efficacy of a clinically approved IL-1 receptor antagonist (Anakinra) in blocking PIC induced islet impairment. Isolated rat islets(More)
Exenatide (Ex-4) is an antidiabetic drug that acts through the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor and has recently been approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ex-4 also has been shown to affect beta cell gene expression and increase beta cell mass in rodent models of type 1 diabetes mellitus, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. We(More)
AIMS Pancreatic islet transplantation (PIT) represents a potential curative treatment for patients with type 1 diabetes, but only 10-15% of patients remain insulin independent 5 years post-transplant. It is not known whether intrinsic insulin resistance exacerbated by immunosuppression plays a pivotal role in low graft survival. The study objective was to(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate quantification of total islet yield is an essential step prior to transplantation and for research. The standard method of manually determining an islet equivalent (IEQ) count is subjective and prone to error. We evaluated Complex Object Parametric Analyzer and Sorter (COPAS) large particle flow cytometry for the determination of islet(More)
The objective of this study was to identify predictors of insulin independence and to establish the best clinical tools to follow patients after pancreatic islet transplantation (PIT). Sequential metabolic responses to intravenous (I.V.) glucose (I.V. glucose tolerance test [IVGTT]), arginine and glucose-potentiated arginine (glucose-potentiated(More)
BACKGROUND The successful treatment of patients with type 1 diabetes by islet transplantation is affected by a multitude of factors of which infusion of the highest quality tissue is essential. The current standard pretransplant quality assessments lack sensitivity, accuracy, and objectivity in the determination of islet viability and potency. We(More)
Preservation of cell quality during shipment of human pancreatic islets for use in laboratory research is a crucial, but neglected, topic. Mammalian cells, including islets, have been shown to be adversely affected by temperature changes in vitro and in vivo, yet protocols that control for thermal fluctuations during cell transport are lacking. To evaluate(More)